History Chapter 16

50 terms by Tmantrip

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The term Reconstruction refers to the

Period immediately following the Civil War

Escaped slave who captured confederate steamship and later went on to become a US congressmen

Robert Smalls

A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by

President Lincoln

President Lincoln's Reconstruction plans were committed to

Rapid readmission of the southern states to the Union

Most congressional Republicans believed

former Confederates should not play a role in Reconstruction governments

Lincoln's response to the Wade-Davis Bill was to

stop it with a pocket veto

The man who became president of the US after Lincoln's assassination was

Andrew Johnson

As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring southern state governments based on _____ percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union

10%

Incorrect match

Wade-Davis Bill--embodied presidential reconstruction

Required 50 percent of southern voters to take an oath of loyalty to the Union before the southern states could regain their status as states

Wade-Davis Bill

President Andrew Johnson was

opposed by Radical Republicans

President Andrew Johnson was NOT

an opponent of slaveowners

Which constitutional amendment abolished slavery

Thirteenth

Andrew Johnson believed that Reconstruction should

Return the South to its prewar system, minus slavery

In implementing Johnson's plan, southern states did each of the following EXCEPT

accepted it grudgingly or with qualifications

Johnson's reconstruction plan

failed to break the power of the antebellum planter elites

Black Codes showed that

southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servility

The first bill ever passed over a presidential veto was the

Civil Rights Act of 1866

The congressional alternative to Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction program was the

Fourteenth Amendment

The Fourteenth Amendment stipulated that any state that denied the right to vote to African Americans would

have its congressional representation proportionally reduced

The Radical Republicans believed

That the rights of the freedmen should be ensured by the federal government

which of the following constitutional amendments attempted to give civil rights to the former slaves

Fourteenth

Which of the constitutional amendments was opposed by Andrew Johnson

Fourteenth

In the congressional elections of 1866

the results served as a referendum for the Fourteenth Amendment

Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner were

Radical leaders in Congress

Which of the following individuals was NOT a Radical Republica

Andrew Johnson

The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment

caused a thorough restructuring of southern society

The Reconstruction Acts

were actually a retreat from true radicalism

the first Reconstruction Act of 1867

placed the South under military rule

Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the

Tenure of Office Act

Andrew Johnson's acquittal on impeachment charges resulted from

the fears of some Republicans that his removal would threaten the balance of power of the government

During Reconstruction, African Americans

lived in a divided society

For the South, recovery from the devastation of the Civil War

depended on a new economic system

The legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans was

poverty and discrimination

By the end of 1865, most freedmen had

returned to work on the plantations

The federal agency designed to assist former slaves in making the economic adjustment to freedom was known as the

Freedmen's Bureau

What group was not part of the southern coalition supporting Radical Reconstruction

White planters

Northerners who moved South during Reconstruction were called

Carpetbaggers

Most southern African Americans who held political power during Reconstruction

concentrated their efforts on educational and political reforms

The small number of African Americans elected to state or national office during the Reconstruction demonstrated on the average

more integrity and competence than their white counterparts

Ulysses S. Grant

was not able to resolved the problems of the times

The political party that kept the money issue alive into the 1880s was

the Greenback Labor party

What Amendment to the Constitution states that no person could be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

Fifteenth Amendment

Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment

Feminists

The organization that symbolized most vividly the "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was

the Ku Klux Klan

Liberal Republicans

endorsed civil service reform

Carl Schurz

was a prominent Liberal Republican

What was NOT a scandal during the Grant Administration

Teapot Dome

The result of the disputed election of 1876 was significant because it

meant the end of Reconstruction

The Redeemers

believed in the principles of Laissez Faire and White supremacy

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