John C. Calhoun
South Carolina senator who defended slavery
Virginia writer who attacked Northerners, said that equal rights were just the powerful oppressing the weak, that factory workers were just wage slaves, that Southerners took care of old or sick slaves
voyage for slave ships from Africa to America
outlawed in 1807
slaves still smuggled in anyway
invented cotton gin
removed small seeds from cotton
encouraged Western Expansion
contributed to Indian Removal/Trail of Tears
How did Southerners defend slavery?
said Bible allowed slaves
slaves were "taken care of" vs. Northern "wage slaves" who were discarded when old or sick
slaves were happy-sang in fields while working
Who ruled the South?
Why did small farmers support slavery?
their goal was to become rich and own slaves
feared free slaves would compete with the for land
What did Southerners do to prevent the federal government from outlawing slavery?