simple sugar containing a single sugar unit, classified by: 1.) number of carbons, 2.) aldoses or ketoses
a sugar formed from two monosaccharides, simplest polysaccharides
polymers of monosaccharides
What are the four main macromolecules?
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
have the same chemical formula but different structural formulas
the ending ose implies what?
the ending ase implies what?
Give an example of a monosaccharide, disaccharide, and polysaccharide
disaccharide: sucrose ( made up of one glucose and one fructose)
polysaccharide: starch (polymer of glucose)
long chains of small molecules formed through polymerization