Vocab Level G Unit 2
|Accost|| (v.) to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way|
The nobleman was ACCOSTED by beggars on his way to the castle.
Syn: buttonhole, approach
Ant: evade, avoid, shun
|Animadversion|| (n.) a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval|
The inexperienced filmmaker was disheartened by the ANIMADVERSION of the film critic.
Syn: rebuke, reproof
Ant: praise, compliment
|Avid|| (adj.) desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager|
Most writers are also AVID readers who have loved books since childhood.
Syn: keen, enthusiastic, grasping
Ant: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic
|Brackish|| (adj.) having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink|
The shipwrecked passengers adrift on the lifeboat became ill after drinking BRACKISH water.
Syn: briny, saline
Ant: fresh, clear, sweet
|Celerity|| (n.) swiftness, rapidity of motion or action|
Although the heavy snowfall was not expected, the highway department responded with surprising CELERITY.
Syn: promptness, alacrity, speed
Ant: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness
|Devious|| (adj.) straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way|
The interrogator used DEVIOUS methods to try to get the suspect to incriminate himself.
Syn: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artful
Ant: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard
|Gambit|| (n.) in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type|
Asking an interesting stranger about his or her job is a popular party GAMBIT.
Syn: ploy, stratagem, ruse, maneuver
|Halcyon||(n.) a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher; (adj.) of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; happy, golden; prosperous, affluent|
The teacher read the legend of the HALCYON, a mythic bird that nested in a calm sea.
The woman often spoke of the HALCYON days of her childhood.
Syn: (adj.) tranquil, serene, placid, palmy
Ant: (adj.) turbulent, chaotic, tumultuous
|Histrionic|| (adj.) pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic|
Upon receiving his award, the young actor gave a HISTRIONIC speech.
Syn: affected, stagy
Ant: low-keyed, muted, untheatrical, subdued
|Incendiary||(adj.) deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; (n.) one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife|
The arsonist planted an INCENDIARY device in the basement of the store.
The radical INCENDIARY was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Syn: (adj.) inflammatory, provocative, (n.) firebrand
Ant: (adj.) soothing, quieting, (n.) peacemaker
|Maelstrom|| (n.) a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destruction|
Many innocent people caught in the MAELSTROM of the revolution lost their lives and property.
Syn: vortex, chaos, turbulence, tumult
|Myopic|| (adj.) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernment|
The MYOPIC foreign policy of the last administration has led to serious problems with our allies.
|Overt|| (adj.) open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized|
In order for Congress to declare war, the President must demonstrate an OVERT threat.
Syn: clear, obvious, manifest, patent
Ant: secret, clandestine, covert, concealed
|Pejorative|| (adj.) tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling|
The lawyer was accused of making a PEJORATIVE remark when referring to the defendant's background.
Ant: complimentary, ameliorative
|Propriety|| (n.) the state of being proper, appropriateness; (pl.) standards of what is proper or socially acceptable|
The social worker questioned the PROPRIETY of the police's request to see confidential records.
Syn: fitness, correctness, decorum
Ant: unseemliness, inappropriateness
|Sacrilege|| (n.) improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred|
The anthropologist was accused of committing a SACRILEGE when she disturbed an ancient burial ground.
Syn: desecration, profanation, defilement
|Summarily|| (adv.) without delay or formality; briefly, concisely|
As soon as there was evidence of criminal wrongdoing, the official was SUMMARILY ousted from his post.
Syn: promptly, peremptorily, abruptly
|Suppliant|| (adj.) asking humbly and earnestly; (n.) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor|
He made a SUPPLIANT address to the parole board.
Stranded in the deserted city of Moscow, Napoleon had to turn to the Czar not as a conqueror but as a SUPPLIANT.
|Talisman|| (n.) an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish|
Most people do not believe that rabbit's feet and other TALISMANs actually bring good luck.
|Undulate|| (v.) to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form|
The baseball fans began to UNDULATE as they cheered, so that they appeared to move in a wave.
Syn: ripple, fluctuate, rise and fall