HTML Chapter 2 Vocabulary

35 terms by martinjr1797

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Notepad

a basic text editor you can use for simple documents or for creating Web pages using HTML.

Title

the text that appears on the title bar of the browser window when the Web page appears.

Body

contains the information that is displayed in the browser window which includes text, graphics, and other elements.

Background

a solid color, a picture, or a graphic against which the other elements on the Web page appear.

Normal text

the default text format used for the main content of a Web page.

Lists

a series of text items that are bulleted or numbered.

Headings

used to set off paragraphs of text or different sections of a page.

Inline image

a graphic used in a Web page that is not part of the HTML file.

Image map

a special type of inline image in which you define one or more areas as hotspots.

Hotspots

an area of an image that activates a function when selected.

Horizontal rules

lines that are displayed across a Web page to separate different sections of the page.

<!DOCTYPE> tag

is used to tell the browser which HTML or XHTML version and type the document uses.

Strict Document Type

is specified when you want to prohibit the use of deprecated tags.

Deprecated tags

tags that the W3C has earmarked for eventual removal from their specifications, because those tags have been replaced with newer, more functional tags.

Transitional Document Type

allows the use of deprecated tags.

Frameset Document Type

used to support frames on a Web page, also allows the use of deprecated tags.

Document Type Definition

a file containing definitions of tags and how they should be used in a Web page.

<html> </html>

indicates the start and end of an HTML document.

<head> </head>

indicates the start and end of a section of the document used for the title and other document header information.

<meta />

indicates hidden information about the Web page

<p> </p>

indicates the start of a new paragraph;inserts a blank line above the new paragraph.

<ul> </ul>

indicates the start and end of an unordered list.

<li> </li>

indicates that the item that follows the tag is an item within a list.

<hr />

inserts a horizontal rule.

<br />

inserts a line break at the point where the tag appears.

Unordered list

also called a bulleted list, formats information using small images called bullets.

Ordered list

also called a numbered list, formats information in a series using numbers or letters.

<dl> </dl>

start and end a definition list.

<dt>

identify a term

<dd>

identify the definition of the term directly above.

Home page

a Web page that appears each time Internet Explorer starts.

Graphics Interchange Format

use for images with few colors (<256)

Joint Photographic Experts Group

use for images with many colors (>256), such as photographs.

Portable Network Graphics

newest format for images, use for all type of images, allows for variation in transparency.

Source code

the instructions used to create a Web page or program.

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