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koran

primary sacred text and Islam's earthly center

Suras

chapters

Hijra

emigration

Sunna

the teching of the Koran and muhammaad

Sufi

immanent nature of Allah is the special achievement of a muslim mystic or sufi

Umma

Islam emphasizes the community of all muslims. know as the UMMA this community

Shari'a

divine law

Five Pillars of Islam

order and clarity of the directives for living righteously.

Shahada

1st pillar, central creedal, the confession of faith

mosque

a structure that traditionally includes a prayer hall and an enclosed courtyard with towers

2nd Pillar

Prayer

Imam

leader

Ramadan

fasting takes place during ramadan, this it the 3rd pillar, 9th month of the islam year

4th Pillar

Wealth Sharing

Hajj

pilgrimage

Ka'ba

a stone cubical structure in the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Mecca

Jihad

exertion, struggle, principle that applies to all aspects of Ismlamic life' personal and social

caliphs

sucsessors that were voted in to lead muslims after muhammad died

al-jabar

algebra

Sunni

ppl who follow the established custom or sunna. common name for the form of Islam practiced by majority

Shi'i

partians of Ali

sufism

resfers to coarse wool

shaykh

a master and teacher

al- fana

extinction

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