freedom of religion, speech, press; the rights to assembly and petition
Right to bear arms
Abolition of poll tax
powers shared by the senate and federal goverments
powers that the constitution does nopt give to the national government that are kept by the states
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
checks and balances
a system in which each branch of governemnt is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
seperation of powers
the split of authority among the legislature, executive, and judicial branches
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
the notion that power lies with the people
a tax on people's earnings
bill of right's
the first 10 amendments to the constitution
any change in the constitution
the opening section of the constitution
thosewho opposed ratification of the constitution
a form of governement in which power is divided between the federal, or national governments and the states
supporters of the constitution
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
the branch of government that interprets laws
the branch of government that carries out laws
the lawmaking branch of government
meeting of state delagates in 1787 leading to adoption of the new constitution
unfair treatment based of prejudice against a certain group
the social seperation of the races
the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law
programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opprutunities
singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance or ethnicity
freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas
a formal request for government action; or, a process by which condidates who are not affiliated with one of the to major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states
spoken untruths that ae harmful to someone's reputation
written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
a court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or buisness and take specific items as evidence
a formal charge by a grand jury
a group of citizens that decides whether there is suffidient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted
following established legal procedures
the right of government to take private property for public use
a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
the right to vote
a sum of money required of voters before that are permitted to cast a ballot
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
was a trial-- the decision was that seperate but equal is OVERRULED
Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
trial that dealt with the 13th and 14th amendments, and also challenged the Jim Crow laws-- said SEPERATE BUT EQUAL
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 1978
trial that said-- Preferring members of any group is unconstitutional
necessary and proper clause
is stated in Article 1-- the constitution gives congress the power "to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper"
states that if the president were to die, the vice president would take over
keeps the the laws of the state and laws of the federal governemnt seperate
Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi- would take over if the president and vice president were to die
President pro tempore
Robert Byrd- the chairperson for the Senate
Dr. Martin Luther King
was a main leader of the civil rights movement
was what the delagates first came up with at the convention-- it favored the larger states
was designated to head the convention
New Jersey Plan
was another plan the delagates came up with that would only have one house and each state would only et one vote
a court's authority to hear and decide cases
was the oldest delagate at the convention
how long is a representative term?
how many representaive's are there?
25 years old
how old o you have to be to run as a representative?
how many years do you have to be a citizen for to run as a representative?
how long is a senator's term?
how many years do you have to be a citizen for to run as a senator?
30 years old
how old do you have to be to run as a senator?
2/3 vote of the houses
How can a Presidents veto be overridden?
How long is a Presidents term?
35 years old
how old do you have to be to run as president?
trial of impeachment
What is the only crime that cannot be heard in the Supreme Court?
it gets ratified
How does an Amendment become part of the Constitution?