Language of Medicine Ch. 7

67 terms by rbanasik21

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arteriole

small artery

calyx/calix

cup-like region of renal pelvis

catheter

tube for injecting or removing fluids

cortex

outer region of an organ

creatinine

nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

electrolyte

K+ and Na+, carries charge when dissolved in water

erythropoetin

secreted by kidney, stims prod of RBC

filtration

process, some substances pass through, not all, diffusion

glomerular capsule

collects material filtered by blood through walls of glomerulus

glomerulus

tiny ball of capillaries in kidney

hilum

depression in organ where blood vessels & nerves enter & exit

kidney

filters nitrogenous wastes from bloodstream to form urine

meatus

opening or canal

medulla

inner region of an organ

nephron

filtration, reabsorption & secretion take place here

nitrogenous waste

substance containing nitrogen & excreting in urine

potassium

electrolyte regulated by kidney to maintain proper balance w/ blood. essential for muscle contraction and conduction of nerve impulses

reabsorption

materials necessary to body returned to bloodstream

renal artery

blood vessel carries blood to kidneys

renal pelvis

central collecting region in kidney

renal tubule

microscopic tubes in kidney where urine is formed after filtration

renal vein

blood vessel, carries blood away from kidney --> heart

renin

hormone secreted by kidney, raises blood pressure

sodium

electrolyte regulated in blood & urine by kidneys, needed for nerve impulses, heart activity, & other metabolic functions

trigone

triangular area in urinary bladder

urea

major nitrogenous waste

ureter

tube leading from kidney to urinary bladder

urethra

tube from urinary bladder to outside of body

uric acid

nitrogenous waste

urinary bladder

muscular, hollow sac, holds/stores urine

urination

process of expelling urine

cali(c)/o

calyx

cyst/o & vesic/o

urinary bladder

glomerul/o

glomerulus

meat/o

meatus

nephr/o

kidney

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ren/o

kidney

trigon/o

trigone

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

albumin/o

albumin

azot/o

nitrogen

bacteri/o

bacteria

dips/o

thirst

kal

potassium

ket/o, keton

ketone bodies

lith

stone

natr

sodium

noct

night

olig

scanty

-poietin

substance that forms

-tripsy

crushing

ur, urin

urine

-uria

urination, urine condition

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the glomeruli of kidney

nephrolitiasis

kidney stones

polycystic kidney disease

multiple fluid sacs within/on kidney

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma

renal hypertension

high bp resulting from kidney disease

diabetes insipidus

antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or kidney is resistant to its effect

diabetes mellitus

insulin is not secreted adequately, not used properly

retrograde pyelogram

x-ray of renal pelvis and uretters after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter

cystoscopy

visualization of urethra and urinary bladder

dialysis

process of separating nitrogenous waste from blood

urinary catherization

passage of flexible tube through urethra to urinary bladder

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