Mitochondria are thought to have evolved from free-living bacteria that were incorporated into eukaryotic cells by endosymbiosis. Which of the following pieces of evidence for this hypothesis is INCORRECT?
Mitochondria can survive and reproduce independently when removed from the host cell.
The reddish projections in the figure above, shown on the outside of a cell membrane, are called:
What are the three types of endocytosis?
phagocytosis, pinocytosis, and receptor-mediated endocytosis
Mammalian cells take in many molecules including hormones, antibodies, and blood proteins. This process is coordinated by proteins that recognize their specific target molecule. This process is best described as:
The rough ER is the site of protein synthesis and the smooth ER is the site of lipid synthesis. What is the third compartment of the endomembrane system and what is that compartment's function?
Golgi apparatus: finishes the processing of the proteins and sorts them for export out of the cell
If the solution surrounding a cell contains the same amount of solute as the cytoplasm the osmotic condition is said to be:
During transcription, at the point where the DNA strand being copied has an adenine, _______________ is added to the _______________.
a uracil; mRNA
When a triplet of bases in the coding sequence of DNA is GCA, the corresponding codon for the mRNA that is transcribed from it is:
Alternate versions of a gene are called _______________. They can code for different ________________ of the same character.
The expression of a gene to form a polypeptide occurs in two major steps. What are these two steps in their correct chronological order?
transcription and then translation
What is the most common reason why DNA analyses overturn incorrect criminal convictions?
DNA evidence is much more reliable an identifier of an individual than eyewitness accounts.
Some forms of dwarfism in children can be treated by ___________________ made by recombinant DNA techniques.
human growth hormone
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body cannot produce ________________, a chemical that allows cells to take up and break down sugar from the blood.
Which of the following is the correct order of nucleotide substitution rates among different organisms from lowest to greatest?
elephants; humans; bacteria; viruses
The ___________________ is a project to decode the three billion base pairs in the human genome.
Human Genome Project