massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mudbricks. It is associated with religious complexes in ancient Mesopotamian cities, but its function is unknown.
A spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs
The leader of the Catholic church
A person who is killed because of their religious beliefs
A person who professionally copies out documents on stone tablets.
A government where the religious leader rules and is in charge.
The process in which salt is extracted from water. The Middle East has many of these plants because water is very scarce there.
The code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings of Mohammad.
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
Islamic religious leader who led a revolution to overthrow Iran's government in 1979; he ruled the country for the next ten years on a strongly anti-American platform.
Persian (language spoken in Iran)
An Iranian language that is spoke in Persia.
A square stone building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca, the site most holy to muslims.
A crescent-shaped area of fertile land in the Middle East that extends from the Eastern Mediterranean coast through the valley of Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the persian Gulf.
Babylonian accomplishments (Hammurabi)
Set of Laws called the Hammurabi code
Important resources in the Middle east
The best resource they have Oil and water
Importance of geography in shaping the Middle East (what factor was most important?
The Arabian penninsula and persian gulf, and deserts affect it majorly
Alexander the Great
He united Eastern and Western cultures by uniting the persian empire
commonalities between Jews and Christians
They both believe in monotheism and respect the same profits.
Importance of Jerusalem
It brought three major religions together. Christians, Jewish, and Muslims.
Important religious books
Geography of the Middle East (where are the mountain chains, deserts, etc.)
Arub al Khali desert is in Saudi Arabia. Zargos mountains in Iran. Tarus Mountain in Turkey.
What didn't Islamists like in the Middle East?
What was one of the outcomes of the Iran revolution?
They removed the American backed monarchy from power.
What was the major effect of the Aswan High Dam in the Middle East?
They ended up advancing there countries opportunity with the dam giving cheap electricity to all of Egypt.
What is OPEC and what has made an impact on OPEC'S importance?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries. They owned most of the worlds oil and can effect the stock market drastically.
What did OPEC do to cause an energy crisis?
They quit selling oil to the United States and raised prices on oil.
What was the cause of the Persian Gulf War?
Sadam Hussane invaded Iran and was killing his own people. In 1990 he invaded Kuwait.
Identify this structure: Kaaba
Identify this structure: Dome of the Rock
Identify this structure: Hagia Sophia
Identify this structure: Wailing Wall
Review all of the map locations that were given to you for both Africa and the Middle East.