The king or queen has complete control over all aspects of life.
Ruled by one person with unlimited power.
Ruled by the wealthy or elite.
Believed in divine right, extremely religious (created KJB), constantly asked Parliament for money, put England into debt by spending an exorbitant amount of money on the government, himself, and his advisers.
Protestants who wanted to purify the Church of Catholic symbols, seen as traitors by King James.
King Charles' wife, a Catholic and sister of French King Louis XIII.
Made up of the House of Lords and House of Commons.
Called for 3 weeks during Bishops' War, dominated by Puritans who sympathized with the Scots. Led to Charles dissolving Parliament for the third time.
Called after Scots invaded, resulted in settlement and reform: abolished all taxation Parliament didn't approve of and sentenced Laud to death for treason
The Petition of Right
Parliament's demands in exchanges for war taxes, refused by Charles, leading to second dissolution: No loans or taxes w/o consent, no false imprisonment, no quartering of troops, and no martial law.
The Bishops' War
Caused by Archbishop Laud's Anglican prayer book, which angered Calvinist Scots. Included religious rebellions and invasion by Scots.
October 1641- Irish Catholics led general uprising caused by anger at Anglican church and seizure of their land. Charles was blamed, asked Parliament for money, but they refused.
Parliament members who supported the king and opposed Puritans
Made Parliament England's supreme power, causing Charles to attack the House of Commons and prepare for war.
Persecuted and denied the rights of Puritans, in charge of the Anglican church.
Temporary military rule that limits individual rights.
1215 document that stated that the king had no power to make random arrests, seize property, make decisions alone, or create taxes w/o Parliament's consent.
King vs. Parliament, fighting since 1215 (Magna Carta)
Anglican vs. Puritan: both Protestant, Puritans think Anglicans are too Catholic
Tax used to improve the navy during wartime. Imposed on coastal counties. Eventually, it continued even in times of peace, and landlocked counties were taxed as well, drastically lowering participation and enthusiasm.