What are the landmarks of the face
Vermilion Zone, Vermilion border, Labial Commissures, Tubercule, labio-mental groove, philtrum, Ala of the nose, naso- labial groove
Name the bone that divides the palate into right and left half's?
What do we call the muscle of facial expression that compresses the cheeks to blow out air?
What is the difference between physiology and anatomy?
Physiology is the study of body function, and anatomy is the study of body structure.
Name the 4 muscles of of facial expression
zygomatic major, buccinator, orbicularis oris, and mentalis
What is the difference between alimentary canal vs accessory organs?
Alimentary canal is the distance between the mouth and the anus. The accessory organs assist with process of digestion
What system of the body is the communication system?
What is a bitewing radiograph?
contact between maxillary and mandibular molars and premolars
What is intraoral examination?
Landmarks of the oral cavity
Name the muscles of mastication
Masseter muscle, temporal muscles, external pterygoid muscle, and internal pterygoid muscles
Bones of the cranium are?
Ethmoid bone, sphenoid bone, frontal bone, occipital bone, perietal bone, temporal bones
What is histology?
study of the tissue of the body
Name the systems of the body?
Circulatory, digestive system, endocrine system, muscular system, respiratory system, nervous system, lymphatic system, and skeletal system
What are the 3 muscles of the tongue?
Styloglossus, genioglossus,and hyoglossus
How many bones are in the face?
What is the thoracic cavity?
houses the heart and lungs
What is the pelvic cavity?
it is for reproduction, and houses the urine tracts, the bladder, and rectum
What cavity forms the body?
What is the posterior or backside of the body?
What are the salivary glands functions?
lubricates, assist with digestion process, and aid in swallowing and mastication
Where is the retromolar area located?
behind the last molar
What is a duct?
An opening for secretion of saliva
How many salivary glands are their?
What are the parts of the circulatory system?
blood, veins,vessels, and arteries
Name the 2 potential disorders of the circularatory system?
luekemia, and hemophilia
What are the parts of the digestive system?
The alimentary canal and accessory organs
What is the disease causing microorganism?
What disease causes pathogen?
The body defense against microorganisms or foreign substances
Controls body growth and development
Breaks down food and body usage
What does the circulatory system do?
Transport nutrients, antibodies, oxygen, blood, and hormones throughout the body and remove waste.
What function does the muscular system do?
keeps the heart beating, moves food along digestive tract, promotes posture and movement, and produces body heat
What is the nervous system?
communication system for the body
What carries messages to the brain?
What is the nerve condition that causes muscle weakness and tremors
What is Bell's palsy?
temporary paralysis on one side of the face.
inflammation of the nerves
Allows inhaling of oxygen while exhaling carbon dioxide?
Define Temporal Mandibular Joint (TMJ)?
is the failure of muscle mastication to function properly
Define Occipital bone?
forms the posterior base of the skull
What bone divides the cranium into right and left halfs and forms the majority roof of the skull?
What is the nasal bone?
bridge of the nose
Define vomer bone
divides the nasal cavity into right and left halves
What is another name for cheek bones?
The largest bone of the face and can be divided into bones is?
Corners of the inner eyes
What is mandible?
only movable bone in the face and used for articulation site for TMJ
What are spiral like projections that circulate dust and air particles to clear the nasal cavity?
Inferior Nasal Conchae
to be appealing to the human eye
How does saliva enter through the oral cavity?
What is the mentalis?
protrudes the lower lip and wrinkles the chin
Define oral mucosa
lining of the lips, cheek, and gingiva
What is a fracture considered?
breakage of bone
Ability to spread to other organisms
What is the difference between anorexia and bulimia?
Anorexia is when one refuses to eat and bulimia is one eats and vomits
what is the difference between palatine rugae and palatine raphe?
palatine raphe is bone that divides the palate into right and left halves, and palatine rugae is horizontal ridges along the hard palate
Define nasio-labial groove
the groove from the ala of the nose to the labial commissures
what is another name for taste buds
define median sulcus
divides the tongue into right and left halves
What is the difference between internal pterygoid muscle and external pterygoid muscle
internal pterygoid muscle assist with elevation of the mandibule and external pterygoid muscle allows shifting of the jaw and contracting
What is sulcus terminalis?
v-shaped of tongue when it is sticking outward
a fold of soft tissue along the cheeks
What bone is directly behind the orbitals and forms the anterior base of the skull
What muscle of the tongue helps keeps the tongue to the floor of the mouth
What muscle of the tongue protrudes, retract, and depresses the tongue?
What muscle of the tongue protrudes, retracts, and raises the tip of the tongue?
Which radiograph shows the distance from the crown to the apex and 2mm of surrounding soft tissue
Define sublingual glands
smallest of the salivary glands and rest under the tongue
What contains genetic information to control the cell houses?
bones that protect the brain
What are landmarks of the face called
what is another name redness or discoloration
What provides blood circulation and nourishment to the tongue
Connective tissue that maintains landmarks is called
What is a prominent projection of bone in the hard palate called
what maintains the tongue to the floor of the mouth
projection in the middle of the upper lip is called
What is the darkened area in the back of the oral cavity where food passes?
Where is the incisive papilla located at?
directly behind the central incisors on the hard palate
What does the ethmoid bone form?
forms part of the nasal cavity and orbitals
What does the temporal muscle do
Elevates and retracts the mandible
Define masseter muscle
protrudes the jaw and seen when clenched
Projection that hangs off the soft palate and limits food swallowing to prevent choking is called
Define frontal bone
forms the forehead and the roots of the orbitals
What glands rest near the retromolar area opening
the bone of the roof of the mouth is called
What is the largest salivary gland and where does it rest at?
Parotid gland and rest infront of the ears
Loss of muscle due to lack of use is called
involuntary muscle contraction
Lost of breathe due to narrowing bronchioles. What is this disorder called?
What are all the substance in the cell except the nucleus called?
The outter wing of of the nose is called?
Ala-of- the- nose
Houses organs and structures
Where is the fungiform papilla located
on the lateral anterior part of the tongue that senses saltiness
Processes, receives, and interprets information
the basic unit of each system of the body that controls the function of each system
contains dna and transmit genetic information
responsible for voluntary and involuntary reflexes
The outter wall of the cell made of proteins, lipids,and carbohydrates
Where is interproximal located
in between the mesial and distal of anterior teeth
define hard palate
anterior part of the hard palate
define soft palate
posterior of the hard palate
Difference between body cavity and dorsal cavity?
Body cavity any area or space that houses organs and structures and dorsal is the posterior or backside of the body
how many films are in an adult fmx
how many films are in a childs fmx
how many anterior fims are there in a group when mounting
How many bitewings are in a group when mounting
how many posterior films are in a group when mounting
What is a fmx?
full mouth x-ray
Chronic muscle pain is called
Filters the tissue fluids around the cells and drainage
destruction or breakdown of periodontal tissues
What are the 4 taste sensations called
bitter, sour, sweet, and saltiness
What is the difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
hyperthyroidism is an over active thyroid gland and hypothyroidism is and under active thyroid gland
What system is leukemia in?
Multiple sclerosis, Bell's Palsy, neuritis, and Parkins disease is from which system?
Asthma, tuberculosis and lung cancer is from which system?
Failure of blood to clot
What are the parts of the nervous system called
brain, spinal cord, and nerve cells
atrophy, spasm,sprains, strains and dystrophy are disorders of what system
growth of abnormal cell is and what system is it from
cancer and endocrine system
hyper sensitivity to a substance is called and what system is it from
asthma and lymphatic system
What are lipids?
oils from fats
What house the digestive tract and intestines
What is edema
v-shaped depression below the lower lip but above the chin
located on the mid lingual and senses bitterness
largest papilla on the tongue located in the rear of the tongue
underside of the tongue
located on the lateral posterior and senses sour and bitterness