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5th grade social studies

arid

very dry

barter

to exchange goods with other people

ceremony

a service performed for a special purpose, such as for a religion

city-state

a city that has its own ruler and government

clan

a group of families that are related to one another

class

a group of people treated with the amount of respect that is given to the group's place in society

confederation

a loosely united group of governments

council

a group that makes laws

cultural region

an area where peoples share some ways of life

diversity

differences, such as those among different people

dugout

a boat made from a large, hollowed-out log, used in N W coast region

hogan

a cone-shaped Navajo house built by covering a log frame with mud or grass

Iroquois League

a group of Iroquois tribes that worked together for peace

kachina

one of the spirits that are important in the religion of the Hopis and other Pueblo peoples

lodge

a circular Mandan house built over a shallow pit and covered with sod

longhouse

a long wooden building in which several indian families lived together

noble

a person from an important family

pit house

a chinoock house built partly over a hole dug in the earth so that some of its rooms are under the ground

potlatch

a special native American gathering at which the host gives away valuable gifts

pueblo

a group fo adobe house that the Anasazi and other Pueblo peoples lived in

shaman

a religious leader and healer

slavery

the practice of holding people against their will and making them carry out orders

sod

earth cut into blocks or mats that are held together by grass and its roots

tepee

a cone-shaped Kiowa tent made of poles covered with animal skins

totem pole

a wooden post that is carved with shapes of people and animals

travois

a kind of Kiowa carrier made up of two poles fastened to the harness of an animal

tribute

payments a ruler demands from his or her people

mesa

broad, flat-topped landform with steep sides; smaller than a plateau

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