In 1774 created the first Anti slavery society
Articles of Confederation
first document to govern America adopted in 1781 but no power to tax or enforce its laws;needed to be strengthen
Thought power to be distributed through whole had to be balanced through corresponding responsibility,wrote the English bill of rights, Father of DOI
Authority of the people,government by consent of the governed
Checks & Balances
The 3 branches of gov't have roles check,limit the other so that no single branch dominates the o/
TNO guaranteed certain rights,freedom of religion property rights. and trialed by jury;provided a democratic model for national expansion
created new states with sovereignty
Ohio was the first state admitted
Will not ratify the constitution without the addition of a bill of rights fear oppression;
Low economic activity -Southern plantations
-damaged British closed profitable markets to America -State money varied -Farmers could not sell goods, or pay debts, thrown into jail
Virginia Passed a law the freeing of the individual enslaved person states population of free African American grew
Promoted Knowledge,reason and science to improve society was used in the constitution
2 branches-legislature Governor-Ceo replaced charters:Judges & courts created laws
A rebel that lead many farmers to go to an arsenal to fight for the freedom of thoughs encarsarated -brought attention to the government that they couldnt unrest or prevent violence.Wake up call to set up a strong central gov't .
The New Jersey Plan
One house Legislature with one vote per state could set taxes and regulate trade.Deadlocked with Virginia's plan
Sharing power between the federal and state gov't allow states to deal w/ the needs in their own way
To officially approve of
Series of 85 essays defended the constitution"best commentary on the principals of gov't which was ever written"
Defends the constitution
Defender of Colonial Rights
Commanding General,1st President,attended the Philadelphia convention;"Thirteen Sovereignties pulling against each other." When he heard about Shays rebellion immidiately was up for the revision of the A.O.C
How were state governments organized ?
Governor,supreme court, representative
Why was Congress organized ?
To please both large and small (population) states
What did weakness of the Articles lead to ?
States wanted a strong central gov't
What does 9 of 13 mean ?
Meaning the ratio of states needed to ratify a law
To improve by as correction of errors of removing defects
An imposed tax to pay off a country region or debt