What natural resources helped Rome grow in size and trade?
Tiber River, Fertile Valleys
The ecinomic wealth of Rome was based on...?
Why wasn't the Roman Republic a true democracy?
The democracy only included free-born male citizens, and selected officials made decisions iwthout consultation.
What were some Roman women's rights?
Women had the right to initiate divorce, and do the shopping, sewing, and chores, while bearing children.
Whic emperor was responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 BCE?
Roman accomplishments, achievements, consequences, and inventions?
Legions, concrete, arches, roads, aquedcuts, branches of government, strong citizens rights, innocent until proven guilty, equal laws between rich and poor, no persceution for ideas (free speech).
Why was becoming a Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire?
You did not worhsip the Roman Gods.
How was Roman architecture different from Greek architecture?
What was the most visible symptom of Rome's third-century crisis?
Which Roman emperor converted to Christianity?
What city became the new capitol of the Roman Empire?
Byzantium, became Constantinople, modern day Instabul.
Greek prospered through...
Trading and fishing.
The Greeks viewed the sea as?
A connection to other places
What is similar between the words acropolis, agora, and polis?
city-state, gathering place, public place. Place of population
What type of government is an oligarchy?
Ruled by a few powerful people (merchants, nobility, artisans).
The Greek concept of democracy included politcal participation of of?
The Sparten city-state can be described as what?
A military state.
What was a result of the Persian Wars?
Unified Greece and spread democracy.
Who were the three great Greek philosophers?
Socrates, Aristotle, Plato.
What was the irony of Greek democracy?
That democracy only included "free" people, and most people were not "free".
What were some policies Alexander the Great used to control his empire?
Alexander allowed people to fluctuate in their own beliefs and mix cultures.
What happened to Alexander the Great's empire after he died?
3 of his generals divided the empire into 3 sections, rushing into Hellenisitc Age.
What are some features of the Hellenistic Era?
Mixture of rich traditions and customs.
What city was the center of the Hellenistic world?
the power rests with the citizens that have the right to vote for leaders.
Wealthy Roman land owners who held most power.
Common Romand farmer, artisans, merchants, most of population.
art that portrays idealized body in motiont, valuing harmony, order, balance, and proportion.
military formation creating a wall of shields with spears above and below
Battle that Athens won in Persian Wars
high up hub
single person rules (king)
ruled by small group of nobles
ruled by a few powerful people
power individuals, usually nobles or wealthy
rule by people, citizens do political decision making.
written code of law in Rome.
Branch of Roman Government, executive, one civil, one military
Branch of Roman Government, legislative, hereditary or aristocratic.
Elected during times of crisis, chosen by consuls, elected by senate
5,000 foot soldiers (infantry), and a cavalry.
Eastern Empire after empire split.
Prices go up while value of money goes down
Who split the Roman Empire?
Name the major causes of the fall of the Roman Empire.
Weakened military, spread of Christianity, oppressive government, split of empire, heavy taxes, and severe population decline.
narrative poem about heroic deeds
Why was uniting Greece under a single government a problem?
Mainly: geography. Also, independent nature of city states.
Name all four cultures that made up the Hellenistic culture.
Egyptian, Indian, Persian, Greek.
The time of pax romana was a time of what for Rome?
Peace and prosperity.