WH Unit 2 Test- Rome and Greece

50 terms by QueenAlexisII 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

What natural resources helped Rome grow in size and trade?

Tiber River, Fertile Valleys

The ecinomic wealth of Rome was based on...?

Agriculture.

Why wasn't the Roman Republic a true democracy?

The democracy only included free-born male citizens, and selected officials made decisions iwthout consultation.

What were some Roman women's rights?

Women had the right to initiate divorce, and do the shopping, sewing, and chores, while bearing children.

Whic emperor was responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 BCE?

Diocletian.

Roman accomplishments, achievements, consequences, and inventions?

Legions, concrete, arches, roads, aquedcuts, branches of government, strong citizens rights, innocent until proven guilty, equal laws between rich and poor, no persceution for ideas (free speech).

Why was becoming a Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire?

You did not worhsip the Roman Gods.

How was Roman architecture different from Greek architecture?

Concrete.

What was the most visible symptom of Rome's third-century crisis?

Inflation.

Which Roman emperor converted to Christianity?

Constantine.

What city became the new capitol of the Roman Empire?

Byzantium, became Constantinople, modern day Instabul.

Greek prospered through...

Trading and fishing.

The Greeks viewed the sea as?

A connection to other places

What is similar between the words acropolis, agora, and polis?

city-state, gathering place, public place. Place of population

What type of government is an oligarchy?

Ruled by a few powerful people (merchants, nobility, artisans).

The Greek concept of democracy included politcal participation of of?

Citizens.

The Sparten city-state can be described as what?

A military state.

What was a result of the Persian Wars?

Unified Greece and spread democracy.

Who were the three great Greek philosophers?

Socrates, Aristotle, Plato.

What was the irony of Greek democracy?

That democracy only included "free" people, and most people were not "free".

What were some policies Alexander the Great used to control his empire?

Alexander allowed people to fluctuate in their own beliefs and mix cultures.

What happened to Alexander the Great's empire after he died?

3 of his generals divided the empire into 3 sections, rushing into Hellenisitc Age.

What are some features of the Hellenistic Era?

Mixture of rich traditions and customs.

What city was the center of the Hellenistic world?

Alexandria.

Republic

the power rests with the citizens that have the right to vote for leaders.

Patricians

Wealthy Roman land owners who held most power.

Plebeians

Common Romand farmer, artisans, merchants, most of population.

classical art

art that portrays idealized body in motiont, valuing harmony, order, balance, and proportion.

Phalanx

military formation creating a wall of shields with spears above and below

Marathon

Battle that Athens won in Persian Wars

Acropolis

high up hub

monarchy

single person rules (king)

aristocracy

ruled by small group of nobles

oligarchy

ruled by a few powerful people

tyrants

power individuals, usually nobles or wealthy

democracy

rule by people, citizens do political decision making.

twelve tables

written code of law in Rome.

Consuls

Branch of Roman Government, executive, one civil, one military

Senate

Branch of Roman Government, legislative, hereditary or aristocratic.

Dictator

Elected during times of crisis, chosen by consuls, elected by senate

Legion

5,000 foot soldiers (infantry), and a cavalry.

Byzantium Empire

Eastern Empire after empire split.

inflation

Prices go up while value of money goes down

Who split the Roman Empire?

Diocletian.

Name the major causes of the fall of the Roman Empire.

Weakened military, spread of Christianity, oppressive government, split of empire, heavy taxes, and severe population decline.

epic

narrative poem about heroic deeds

polis

city-state

Why was uniting Greece under a single government a problem?

Mainly: geography. Also, independent nature of city states.

Name all four cultures that made up the Hellenistic culture.

Egyptian, Indian, Persian, Greek.

The time of pax romana was a time of what for Rome?

Peace and prosperity.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set