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famine

a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death

Cro-magnon Man

an early type of modern man

Homo sapiens

Human kind

C.E.

common era

primates

Members of the order of mammals includes monkeys, apes, and humans

B.C.

Before christ

A.D.

After Death

B.C.E.

before common era

agriculture

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

artisans

skilled workers who make goods by hand

Neanderthals

early people who lived during the Old Stone Age

domesticate

to tame animals and plants for human use

hominid

an early ancestor of humans

artifact

an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period

archeologists

scientist who study human artifacts to learn about past cultures

anthropology

the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

Neolithic Revolution

the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 BC

Stone Age

(archeology) the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements

history

the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings

pre-history

the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word

culture

a particular society at a particular time and place

civilization

a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)

irrigation

supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc

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