The political and social system that existed in France before the revolution.
Owned 10 percent of the land in France. Provided education and gave some money to the government.
Made up of rich nobles that paid almost no taxes. They hated ideas that took away their power or privileges.
Made up of 97 percent of the people and paid a substation amount in taxes. In this group, we find the poor, servants, and the working class.
King Louis XVI
King of France (1774-1792)
Queen of France (1774-1793) as the wife of Louis XVI. She was tried by the Revolutionary Tribunal and executed.
Philosophical movement of the 18th century that emphasized the use of reason to solve problems and better the community
political theory that maintains that an individual enters into society with certain basic rights and that no government cannot deny them
English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers
Agreement intended to explain the appropriate relationship between individuals and their governments
Division of Power
Divided the government into different branches to balance power.
A legislative assembly of representatives from the estates of the nation. The legislative assembly in France before the Revolution.
A French congress established by the Third estate to decide on laws and reforms in the name of the French people
Tennis Court Oath
Pledge made by the National Assembly to never disband until they have set up a new constitution.
Storming the Bastille
French people raid the Bastille prison to get gun powder and arm themselves for the coming revolution.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Document stating that all men had equal rights of freedom, property and political position. (women not included)
Member of the assembly that opposed monarchy and wanted complete change in the government.
Members of the assembly that wanted change but not as much as the radicals. Sat in the middle of assembly.
Wealthy land owners and nobles who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
Skilled young lawyer and politician; best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. He had a major role in The Reign of Terror and took over the government
Reign of Terror
Period in which Maximilien Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and executed thousands of political figures and citizens
Device used for carrying out executions by decapitation.
French military and political leader during the latter stages of the French Revolution. Commanded the entire French army.
sudden, extrajudicial overthrow of a government by a small group of the existing state establishment—typically the military—to replace the current government with another body
Government ran schools that provided education to the people in France.
Concordat w/ Catholic Church
Agreement between the Catholic church and the government in which Catholicism is the primary religion but cannot have any part in governmental affairs.
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws introduced by Napoleon. This code removed any injustices in the law.
Congres of Vienna
A congregation of monarchs of all parts of Europe focused on what to do about Napoleon's rule and how to balance out power.
A French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804, when it became the independent nation of Haiti.
Wealthy whites that owned plantains (place to cultivate sugar) and had many slaves.
Lower class white people that were not rich and had normal jobs. Were only important because of their skin color.
Gens de Couleur
People of color that were free of slavery and often very wealthy; more than the grand blancs.
Run-away slaves that resided in the deep mountains of Saint Domingue
Haitian priest who conducted a religious ceremony in Haiti in which a freedom covenant was affirmed.
The leader of the Haitian Revolution. First to govern the independent nation of Haiti.
Jean Jacques Dessalines
Was also a leader of the Haitian Revolution. Became the leader of the revolution after the betrayal and capture of Toussaint Louverture.