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Chapter 14 Quiz - EMT Studies

Which one of the following best describes the purpose of the five rights of drug administration?

c. Decreases the risk of medication error.

Activated charcoal is supplied in what form?

c. Suspension.

Which one of the following medications is in the EMT scope of practice?

c. Oral glucose.

After assisting a patient with her EpiPen, she states that it is much easier for her to breathe. However, her heart rate has increased from 92 to 118 beats per minute. In relation to the epinephrine, the EMT recognizes the increased heart rate as a(n):

a. side effect.

The EMT should consider aspirin for the patient with which one of the following conditions:

c. Chest comfort.

A patient complaining of substernal chest pain tells you that it feels the same as when he had a heart attack two years ago. He is diaphoretic, nauseated, vomiting, and has a blood pressure of 78/50 mmHg and heart rate of 84. He also is allergic to aspirin. He asks you to assit him in taking one of his nitroglycerin pills. Which one of the assessment findings that follows represents a contraindication to the administration of the nitroglycerin?

d. Blood pressure of 78/50 mmHg.

Which one of the following is the best indication for the administration of oral glucose to a patient who has diabetes?

a. Low blood sugar.

A beta2 medication benefits a patient by which one of the following ACTIONS?

c. Opening the small airways.

Which of the following is one of the basic five rights of medication administration?

c. Right dose.

After assisting a patient using his metered-dose inhaler, the patient's son asks why his father cannot take the medication in the form of a pill. Which one of the following responses is most appropriate?

b. "By giving the medication directly to the lungs, the effect is more immediate."

When reviewing a prehospital care report, you note that the patient received nitroglycerin sublingually. As an EMT, you should recognize that the medication was a:

c. tablet placed under the tongue.

Of the following, which one best illustrates how the EMT should document the administration of a medication?

c. 325 mg of aspirin administered orally at 1325.

Which medications are included in the EMT's scope of practice?

a. Activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen.

Which one fo the following best describes why the EMT administers or assists with the administration of medications?

d. To stabilize a patient's medical condition.

Atrovent, if prescribed to the patient, is indicated for which one of the following conditions?

d. Difficulty breathing.

Which one of the following is a generic drug name?

b. aspirin.

Which one of the following medications should be administered by the EMT only if the patient has a prescription for it?

b. Nitroglycerin.

You are assisting a patient in using her metered-dose inhaler (MDI). Which one of the following actions is most reliable in determining the name of the medication in the MDI?

c. Obtaining the medication name from the label on the MDI.

After administering oral glucose to a patient with altered mental status, which one of the following best indicates a positie therapeutic effect or response to the medications?

a. Mental status that is alert and oriented.

As a certified EMT, you may assist the patient in taking which one of the following prescribed medications?

c. Inhalers for difficulty breathing.

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