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Rel C 351 Professor Keller

Adi Granth

Means "first book" and is the primary Sikh scripture. aka guru granth sahib

Amrit-dhari

Sikh who has received amrit (nectar)

Amritser

AkA Ramdaspur. The location of the Golden temple

Baisakhi

spring festival in which Guru Gobind Singh made the order of the khalsa

Bala

hindu companion of Nanak who never became a Sikh

Dasam Granth

(tenth book) compiled by the tenth guru (Gobind Singh) and is secondary scripture to the Adi Granth

Guru

Spiritual leader. There is only one Guru- god, the inner voice; but earthly gurus make the divine present in the community

Guru Arjan Dev

Sikh. The fifth guru, the compiler of the Adi Granth, who died a martyr for the faith. Responsible for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar.

Guru Gobind Singh

The last Guru, became one at age 9 when he received his father's decapitated head. Initiates first Sikhs or Khalsa(Pure ones) Has mutual baptism: immursion in amrit/nectar or sugar water. Pure one's Khalsa, have five symbolic adornments. Called the five K's because they all begin with the letter K.

Guru Granth Sahib

sacred scripture. Honored as a king eleventh and final Guru

Guru Hargobind

Sikh. The son of Arjun and the sixth guru. He began to strengthen the Sikhs militarily after his father's martyrdom.

Guru Tegh Bahadur

Sikh. The ninth guru, 9th guru; Emperor threatens to kill hindus if they don't convert. The hindus go to the guru for help. He goes to the emperor and is killed.

Gurdwara

sikh temple

Haumai

pride or ego

Kachh

The Fourth Five K's: undergarments as a reminder of chastity and purity

Kanga

Sikh. Comb; symbolizes the controlling of mind and body; one of the five marks of the Khalsa

Kara

One of 5 K's iron bracelet, represents good deeds

Kaur

Surname given to Sikh females when entering Khalsa meaning Princess

Kesh

uncut hair and beard; symbolizes spirituality and repsect for natural laws;

Kes-dhari

"hair-bearer";Sikh who has not yet been initiated with Amrit but still keeps the 5 K's.

Khalsa

"the pure ones" the sikh order

Kirpan

The Fifth Five K's: defensive sword symbolic of God's power and the Sikh deity to protect the weak

Langar

community meal for all, regardless of caste or position

Mardana

the muslim minstrel who was Nanak's companion during his preaching tours and who never became a Sikh

Miri

sword of secular power worn by guru hargobind

Mukti

release

Nanak

Founder (1496-1539) of Sikhism and the first Guru

Nath

hindu tradition focusing on the interior search for god

Piri

one of the swords worn by guru Hargobind which represents spiritual power

Ramdaspur

town founded by 3rd guru
known as Amritser today

Sahaj-dhari

sometimes used to denote a Sikh who follows many tenets of the religion but doesn't necessarily keep the 5 K's. Many Sikhs in the U.S. have cut their hair and beards, etc.

Samsara

rounds of rebirth

Sanghat

the company of illuminated and enlightened souls.

Sant

A Hindu tradition believing in devotion to God, who is formless

Seva

service

Sikh

a follower of Nanak and a word meaning "disciple:

Simran

meditation

Singh

Surname given to Sikh males of the khalsa meaning Lion

true name

"true name" Sikh God.God cannot be captured in a name, and therefore call true name

Ram Das

4th guru. laid down the foundation for the golden temple

vahiguru

sikh god

satnam

the true god

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