Means "first book" and is the primary Sikh scripture. aka guru granth sahib
Sikh who has received amrit (nectar)
AkA Ramdaspur. The location of the Golden temple
spring festival in which Guru Gobind Singh made the order of the khalsa
hindu companion of Nanak who never became a Sikh
(tenth book) compiled by the tenth guru (Gobind Singh) and is secondary scripture to the Adi Granth
Spiritual leader. There is only one Guru- god, the inner voice; but earthly gurus make the divine present in the community
Guru Arjan Dev
Sikh. The fifth guru, the compiler of the Adi Granth, who died a martyr for the faith. Responsible for the construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar.
Guru Gobind Singh
The last Guru, became one at age 9 when he received his father's decapitated head. Initiates first Sikhs or Khalsa(Pure ones) Has mutual baptism: immursion in amrit/nectar or sugar water. Pure one's Khalsa, have five symbolic adornments. Called the five K's because they all begin with the letter K.
Guru Granth Sahib
sacred scripture. Honored as a king eleventh and final Guru
Sikh. The son of Arjun and the sixth guru. He began to strengthen the Sikhs militarily after his father's martyrdom.
Guru Tegh Bahadur
Sikh. The ninth guru, 9th guru; Emperor threatens to kill hindus if they don't convert. The hindus go to the guru for help. He goes to the emperor and is killed.
pride or ego
The Fourth Five K's: undergarments as a reminder of chastity and purity
Sikh. Comb; symbolizes the controlling of mind and body; one of the five marks of the Khalsa
One of 5 K's iron bracelet, represents good deeds
Surname given to Sikh females when entering Khalsa meaning Princess
uncut hair and beard; symbolizes spirituality and repsect for natural laws;
"hair-bearer";Sikh who has not yet been initiated with Amrit but still keeps the 5 K's.
"the pure ones" the sikh order
The Fifth Five K's: defensive sword symbolic of God's power and the Sikh deity to protect the weak
community meal for all, regardless of caste or position
the muslim minstrel who was Nanak's companion during his preaching tours and who never became a Sikh
sword of secular power worn by guru hargobind
Founder (1496-1539) of Sikhism and the first Guru
hindu tradition focusing on the interior search for god
one of the swords worn by guru Hargobind which represents spiritual power
town founded by 3rd guru
known as Amritser today
sometimes used to denote a Sikh who follows many tenets of the religion but doesn't necessarily keep the 5 K's. Many Sikhs in the U.S. have cut their hair and beards, etc.
rounds of rebirth
the company of illuminated and enlightened souls.
A Hindu tradition believing in devotion to God, who is formless
a follower of Nanak and a word meaning "disciple:
Surname given to Sikh males of the khalsa meaning Lion
"true name" Sikh God.God cannot be captured in a name, and therefore call true name
4th guru. laid down the foundation for the golden temple
the true god