NAME: ________________________

Basal Ganglia Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. decreased amplitude of movement
  2. -Gradual and progressive behavioral, cognitive symptoms and choreic movements beginning in the forth or fifth decade of life
    -Death occurs within 10 to 20 years
    -Inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder
    -The defective gene is located in the short arm of chromosome 4 and encodes for the protein huntingtin
    -The gene includes multiple tandem repeats of the trinucleotide CAG encoding glutamine
  3. -Cortex
    -Reticular Formation of brainstem
  4. slow speed of movement
  5. -Motor control loop
    -Eye movement loop
    -Cognitive function loop
    -Limbic loop
  1. a Basal Ganglia Inputs
  2. b Bradykinesia
  3. c Huntington's Disease
  4. d Hypokinesia
  5. e Basal Ganglia Loops

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Parkinson's Disease
  2. Basal Ganglia Components
  3. Athetosis
  4. Resting tremor
  5. Symptoms or signs in basal ganglia damage

5 True/False Questions

  1. Removes inhibition to the thalamusIndirect Pathway


  2. Pathologically there is loss of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia nigra pars compactaParkinson's Disease


  3. -Abnormal movements of the proximal limb muscles
    -The amplitude of the movement is larger than in choreic movements
    -It is most common due to a lacunar infarct of the contralateral subthalamic nucleus
    -Other causes are hemorrhages, tumors, and inflammatory diseases


  4. Continuous involuntary movements of the face, limbs or trunkChorea


  5. -Control the initiation of movement
    -Control the smooth transition between 2 consecutive movements
    Basal Ganglia Function


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