Concepts of Chemical Dependency Chapter 14

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The Under-recognized Problem of Steroid Abuse and Addiction

What percentages of steroids are black-market?

80%-90% are from black market sources

Name two methods in which individuals obtain steroids.

Smuggled into the United States
Designer steroids
Veterinary products

What are five terms that are used to describe use?

Blending Bulking up Cycling
Doping Injectable Mega-dosing
Orals Pyramiding Tapering
Shot gunning

What is the ratio of men to women?

13:1 ratio of males to females

When was there first a medical use?

In use since the mid-1950s

What is the median age of abuse?

18 years old

What does Anabolic refer to?

The ability of these compounds to increase the speed of tissue growth or repair

What does Androgenic refer to?

The masculinizing effect on the user

What percentage of high school seniors have used steroids at least once?

7%

What do Steroids do to the muscle mass?

Increases in lean muscle mass

What do Steroids do to the muscle strength?

Increases muscle strength

What do Steroids effect recovery time after an injury or illness?

Decrease periods of recovery (quicker recovery)

Blending

Mixing different steroids for use at the same time; might involve both oral and injected forms of steroids

Bulking up

Increasing muscle mass through steroid use and an exercise program; follows a fixed schedule, with the abuser also using a special diet along with anabolic steroids.

Cycling

Taking multiple doses of steroid(s) over time, with drug-free holidays intermixed with periods of active steroid abuse.

Doping

Using any range of compounds to improve athletic performance.

Injectables

Steroids designed for intramuscular injection(s).

Mega-dosing

Taking massive doses. (possibly by blending)

Orals

Steroids designed for oral use.

Pryamiding

Process of slowly increasing the daily use of anabolic steroids over time, then when a target dose is reached, slowly reducing the dose over time; often done so that the individual will not test "positive" on urine or blood tests for steroids after competition.

Shotgunning

Taking steroids on an inconsistent basis.

Tapering

Slowly reducing one's daily dose of steroids over a period of time.

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