approach that encourages the teacher to pick and choose judiciously from many methodologies.
The Listening Approach
listening-based application of the ideas of Krashen to the classroom.
approach where learners do task, using natural language maybe after having seen/heard the task performed by native speakers.
The Silent Way
method of FL teaching which uses gesture, mime, visual aids and Cuisenaire Rods to help learners to talk.
method of teaching that focuses on translation of grammar.
The Lexical Approach
aspect of communicative language teaching which focuses more on language as lexical units rather than grammatical structures.
community language learning
It uses techniques developed in group counselling. The method makes use of group learning. Learners say in their native language things they want to talk about, the teacher translates the learner's sentences into the foreign language, and the learner then repeats this to other members of the group.
A method of FL teaching developed by the Bulgarian, Lozanov. It makes use of dialogues, situations, and translation to present and practise language, and in particular, makes use of music.
The Communicative Approach
Teaching materials used with this approach teach the language needed to express and understand different kinds of functions, such as requesting, describing etc. Emphasis is on the processes of communication.
Total Physical Response
A language teaching method in which items are presented in the foreign language as orders, commands and instructions.
A method of foreign language teaching which has the following features: only the target language should be used in class and there is a firm emphasis on speaking.
The Natural Approach
A term for an approach proposed by Terrell which emphasizes: the informal acquisition of language rules tolerance of learners' errors natural communication
Computer Assisted Language Learning
Learning with the assistance of computers.
Methods in which the following principles are considered important: the development of human values, active learner involvement in learning and in the way learning takes place