rachel_jordan history ch.15-16

Created by rachel_jordan 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Empires united by outside conquerors

Gunpowder empires

Ottoman religious, legal, and educational advisers

The Ulema

Chief minister of the sultan

Grand Vizier

Elite guard of the Ottoman Turks

Janissaries

Residence of a sultan and his wives

Harem

Ottoman art included __________

distinctive woven rugs

Ottoman Turk mosques were designed with __________

domes and minarets

The Ottoman Empire after the death of Suleyman was hurt by ___________

the cost of constant wars, rise of a privileged group, and lack of training for officials

The Ottoman Empire preferred to _____________

force all conquered peoples to follow Islam

Ottoman Turks conquered ___________

North Africa, Constantinople, the Balkans

True/False Even late in the empire, Ottoman merchants and officials avoided European styles and customs.

False

True/False Officials appointed by the central government were called pashas.

True

True/False The Ottoman Turks modeled their mosques on the floor plan of the Hagia Sophia.

True

True/False The Ottomans had their own silk industry.

True

True/False The queen mother of a sultan often had considerable power and influence.

True

Conformity to traditional religious beliefs

Religious Orthodoxy

Islamic group to which the Safavids belonged

Shia

Political disorder

Anarchy

Safavid king

Shah

Type of carpets highly prized in the West

Persian

Paintings by Riza-i-Abbasi characteristically had ____________

Soft colors and flowing movements

_____________ Appointed officials based on merit, control the power of the aristocracy, be more available to their subjects

Safavid shahs

_____________ Strengthened the army with the latest weapons, returned Azerbaijan to the dynasty, heightened intellectual freedom

Shah Abbas

The shah himself claimed to be the _____________

Spiritual leader of all Islam

Trade goods in the Safavid empire were carried on ____________

a road system that was fairly safe

True/False Most trade goods in the Safavid Empire traveled by horse or camel caravan.

True

True/False The founder of the Safavid dynasty was Shah Abbas.

False

True/False The Ottoman sultan claimed to be the spiritual leader of Islam.

True

True/False The Safavids had less knowledge of science, medicine, and mathematics than other society in the region did.

False

True/False The sea power of the Europeans limited the spread of the Safavid Empire.

True

Founder of the Mogul dynasty in India

Babur

Painting style that combined Persian-Indian motifs

"Akbar" style

Private company representing the British Crown

The East India Company

Considered the most beautiful building in India

Taj Mahal

Underground prison used in 1756

Black Hole of Calcutta

Babur's forces entered India through __________

the Khyber Pass

By the Late eighteenth century, Mogul prosperity was shaken by __________

the coming of the British

____________ kept part of the taxes they collected, exercised considerable power, and received farm plots

Local, lower-ranking officials called zamindars

The British successes in India were achieved through the military genius of ___________

Sir Robert Clive

The Moguls in India were ____________

foreigners who were also Muslims

True/False Suttee is the Hindu practice of levying illegal taxes.

False

True/False Akbar filled upper-rank government positions with Hindus.

False

True/False Aurangzeb was tolerant of Hindu practices.

False

True/False Shah Jahan led successful military campaigns in the Deccan Plateau.

True

True/False The Mogul empire was the greatest Indian dynasty since the Mauryan dynasty.

True

Ruling dynasty from 1644 until 1911

Qing

Leader of exploration and trading voyages

Zheng He

Active Christian missionaries in China

Jesuits

Manchu fighting units

Banners

Dynasty founded by Ming Hong Wu

Ming

Accomplishments of the Ming emperors included __________

renovating the grand Canal

____________ contributed to the downfall of the Ming dynasty

Peasant unrest, weak rulers, poor crop yields

Reports from early Christian missionaries made ____________

Europeans more curious about China

The emperor Kangxi was generally tolerant of ___________

Christian missionaries

The first Europeans to make contact with the Ming dynasty were the ____________

Portuguese

True/False European trade was confined to Beijing by the Qing dynasty.

False

True/False Jesuits, a Catholic order, were among the most active missionaries in China.

True

True/False Manchu dress customs included the braiding of hair into a queue.

True

True/False The majority of Chinese during the Qing dynasty were Manchus.

False

True/False The Manchus were a farming and hunting people from the area known today as Manchuria.

True

Walled compound inside Beijing

Imperial City

Painful practice for Chinese women

Footbinding

Group of many related families

Clan

Private business based on profit

Commercial Capitalism

Most famous of Ming Era arts

Blue-and-white porcelain

____________ these were changes that occurred in China between 1500 and 1800.

Improvements in the food supply, an increase in population, and growth in manufacturing and trade

Between 1500 and 1800, ____________

85% percent of Chinese people were farmers

In Qing China, only ________ could have a formal education and pursue a career in government or scholarship.

males

The Forbidden City was ______________

closed to commoners

The ideal family unit in Qing China consisted of ____________

the extended family

The Golden Lotus is considered by many to be the first _____________

realistic social novel

Beyond the extended family as a social unit was the ___________, which consisted of dozens, or even hundreds, of related families

clan

Blue-and-white porcelain became one of the most famous of all the arts of the ___________

Ming Era

Initially, __________ was performed as a status symbol among the wealthiest women.

footbinding

Many Chinese looked down on trade and manufacturing as inferior to ___________

farming

Shogunates' method of control

Hostage System

Crops grown for sale

Cash Crops

Territories or domains

Hans

Heads of noble families

Daimyo

Japanese social outcasts

Eta

________ earned the name "the Hermit Kingdom" because of its isolationist practices.

Korea

Much of the prose literature of the Tokugawa Era was _____________

lighthearted and entertaining

The first Jesuit missionary, who came to Japan in 1549, was ______________

Francis Xavier

The Japanese warrior class consisted of _____________

daimyo, shogun, and ronin

What was the order of the four main classes during the Tokugawa Era?

Warriors, farmers, artisans, merchants.

____________ rulers completed the restoration of central authority, which was begun by Nobunaga and Hideyoshi.

Tokugawa

By the end of the sixteenth century, thousands of Japanese had become ___________

Christians

The first European traders to arrive in Japan were from __________

Portugal

The long period Tokugawa rule was known as the ____________

"Great Peace"

The powerful daimyo of Edo took control of Japan and assumed the title of __________ in 1603.

shogun

nonelected government officials

Bureaucracy

fabled gateway to Spice Islands

Melaka

Europeans' name for Spice Islands

Moluccas

part of the continent

Mainland States

Dutch homeland

Netherlands

The Islamic trade network developed in the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian Archipelago because ___________

Muslim merchants wanted to trade spices

The Southeast Asian states evolved into four styles of monarchy including _____________

Islamic sultans, Vietnamese emperors, and Buddhist kings

What group of explorers first found the gateway to the Spice Islands?

Portuguese

Which Southeast Asian state had a monarchy that followed the Chinese model?

Vietnam

Why were spices highly valued and sought out so eagerly?

They had medicinal uses and preserved meat for winter.

English influence in Southeast Asia was reduced to ____________

a single port on the coast of Sumatra

In non-mainland states, Islam and Christianity began to attract converts, but ___________ advanced on the mainland.

Buddhism

In the ____________ style of monarchy, the king ruled according to the teachings of Confucius.

Vietnamese

Islamic sultans staffed their bureaucracies mainly with ____________

aristocrats

The Portuguese were driven out of the spice trade by the ___________

Dutch

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set