Psychology chapter 5

Created by jherber1 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Developmental Psychology

a branch of psychology that studies the physical, mental, and social changes throughout the life span

Zygote

fertilized egg, enters a 2 week period of rapid development, develops into an embryo

embryo

the developing human organism from 2 weeks through 2nd month

fetus

the develop human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth

Teratogens

agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm

reflexes at birth

rooting
sucking
gag
startle
babinski

preferences at birth

human voices and face like images, smell and sound of the mother

schema

a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information

assimilation

interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas

accommodation

adapting one's current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information

Birth to nearly 2 years

Sensorimotor
Experiencing the world through
senses and actions (looking,
touching, mouthing)

Object permanence
Stranger anxiety

about 2 years to 6 years

Preoperational
Representing things
with words and images
but lacking logical reasoning

Pretend play
Egocentrism
Language development

about 7 to 11 years

Concrete operational
Thinking logically about concrete
events; grasping concrete analogies
and performing arithmetical operations

Conservation
Mathematical transformations

about 12 through adulthood

Formal operational
Abstract reasoning

Abstract logic
Potential for moral reasoning

conservation

the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects

ego-centrism

the inability of the preoperational child to take anothers point of view

attachment

an emotional tie with another person
shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation

what kind of parenting has the effect of strong attachment type

responsive

authoritative

provides rules and consequences, have empathy

Crystallized Intelligence

one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills
tends to increase with age

Fluid Intelligence

ones ability to reason speedily and abstractly
tends to decrease during late adulthood

social clock

the culturally preferred timing of social events
marriage
parenthood
retirement

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set