Neutral states that decided to remain in the Union
Rule by the army instead of by the government
Battle of Bull Run
The first battle of the war. The South won and proved that the war would be long and bloody.
Battle of Antietam
One of the most bloody battles. It took place in a small field in Maryland, no true winner was declared.
Battle of Fredericksburg
The South wins this battle by Lee ordering his men to dig into their position on top of a hill.
Battle of Chancellorsville
A victory for the South over three days of fighting, but Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson dies.
Battle of Shiloh
A bloody two battle in Tennessee. Union Gen. Grant help the North win despite heavy losses on each side.
to set free
Lincoln's declaration of freeing the slaves that changed the purpose of the Civil War
54th Massachusetts Regiment
The famous unit of the Union army that was filled with freed slaves.
The Fort where the 54th troops led a heroic but tragic battle.
Northerners who did not think they should be attacking the South to preserve the Union
Required all men between 20-45 years old to serve in the military if called.
The right to have a hearing before being jailed
Tax on people's earnings
People who profit off of war time needs
A military tactic to encircle an area in order to force them to surrender
Battle of Gettysburg
A three day battle that took place in Pennsylvania, where Gen. Lee of the South lost his biggest battle. Led to the end of the war.
A final attempt for the South to win at Gettysburg. Led by Gen. Pickett of the South, most of his men died on the charge.
Lincoln's famous speech at the memorial to all whose died at the battle (50,000 men.) He said that the war was a test for a democratic nation.
To destroy all food, shelter, or equipment of the enemy so that they are forced to surrender.
Appomattox court house
This is where Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to the Union for the end of the Civil War.