Test 3 Chapters 5,6,7

Created by cvermilion 

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Bundle of His

Located within the interventricular septum

Superior vena cava

Transports blood from the upper portion of the body to the heart

Cappillaries

Smallest blood vessels in the body

Systolic pressure

Occurs when the ventricles contract, is the highest pressure against the walls of an artery

Hemoglobin

The iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes

Neurtophils

Most common type of White Blood Cell

Phagocytosis

The process of destroying pathogens by surrounding and swallowing them

Thrombocytes

Also Known As platelets are the smallest formed elements of the blood......IMPORTANT ROLE IN THE CLOTTING OF BLOOD!

Hematologist

physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the bloodand blood forming tissues....Hemat=blood and -ologist=specialist

Vascular surgeon

physician who specializes in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of disorders of the blood vessels

Ischemia

A condition in which there is an insufficient oxygen supply due to a restricted blood flow by to a part of the body

Myocardial infarction

also known as a heart attack

Conjestive heart failure

Chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump out all of the blood that it receives

Heart murmur

Abnormal sound heard when listening to the heart or neighboring large blood vessels.

Arrhythmia

describes an abnormality, or the lossof the normal rhythm, of the heartbeat.

Atrial fibrillation

The normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall

Ventricular fibrillation

Rapid, irregular, and useless contraction of the ventricles....MAY CAUSE MANY SUDDEN CARIDAC DEATHS

Hypoperfusion

deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part

Aneurysm

Localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall of an artery

Deep vain thrombosis (DVT)

thrombus attached to the wall of a deep vein

Embolism

Sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

Embolus

A foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air, or tumor that is circulating in the blood

Leukopenia

Total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal

Septicemia

Systemic condition caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood

Hemolytic anemia

Inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen

Holter monitor

Portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to coninuously monitor the heart rates and rhythms over a 24-hour period

Automated External Defibrillator

for use by nonprofessionals in emergency situations

Lymph nodes

filter pathogens and harmful substances for the lymph

Nasopharyngeal tonsils

located within the nose

Spleen

filters microorganisms and other foreign material from the blood

Hemolytic

Spleen has hemolytic function of destroying wore-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse

Intact tskin

wrapos the body in a physical barrier that prevents invading organisms from enter the body

Anitgen

Any substance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes viruses

Allergen

Substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual

Antibody

Disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen

Lymphokines

signaling between the cells of the immune system

Complement

Marks foreign invaders and attracts phagocytes to destoy antigens

Allergy/Hypersensitivity

overreaction by the cody to a particular antigen

Western blot test

test is performed to confirm the diagnosis when the results of the ELISA test are positive

Rickettsia rickettsii

Transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick

Staphylococcus aureus

Commonly infects wounds and causes serious problems such as toxic shock syndrome or produces food poisoning

Tinea pedis

Fungal infection

Toxoplasmosis

Most commonly transmitted from animals to himans by contact with contaminated feces

Varicella

Chickenpox

Benign Tumor

noncancerous growth

Metastasize

Spreads from one place to another

Sarcoma

malignant tumore that arises from connective tissues, including hard tissues, soft tissues, and liguid tissues

Glandular

isn't affected

Lymphomas

gerneral term aplied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues

Hodgkin's Lymphoma

aka Hodgkin's disease, distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes know as Reed-Sternberg cells

Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma

Term used to describe all other lymphoma's other than Hodgkin's lymphoma

Mastectomy

Surgical remaoval of the entire breast and nipple

Cilia

Hairs located within the nostrals to filter incoming air to remove debris

Mucus

Protect and lubricates these tissues...Helps to moisten, war, and filter the air as it enters

Oropharynx

Shared by the respiratory and digestive systems and transports air, food, and dluids downward to the laryngopharnyx

Thyroid Cartilage

Protects the larynx ....AKA adam's apple

Mediastinum

Cavity located between the lungs. Contains connective tissue andorgans, including the heart andi ts veins and arteries, the esophagus, trachea, bronchi, the thymus gland, and lymph nodes

Visceral Pleura

inner layer of pleura that surrounds each lung

Internal Resiration

The exchange of gases within the cells of the bhody organs, cells, and tissues

Chronic Bronchitis

Airways have become inflamed and thickened, an increase in the number and size of mucus-producing cells

Larynogoplegia

Paralysisof the larynx

Aphonia

Loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds

Phon

voice or sound

Tracheorrhagiea

Bleeding from the mucous membranes of the trachea

Pneumothorax

Mulation of air in the pleural space causing a pressure imbalance that prevents the lung from fully expanding or can cause it to collapse

Pleural Effusion

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space

`Hemoptysis

Coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs, or bronchial tubes

Pnea

Breath

Atel

Incomplete

-ectasis

stretching or enlargement

Cystic Fibrosis

Genetic disorder

Apnea

Absence of spontaneous respiration

Bradypnea

abnormally low rate of respiration

Tachypnea

abnormally fast rate of respiration

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

pattern of alternating periods of hypopnea or apnea, followed by hyperpnea

Dyspnea

Shortness of breath...difficult or labored breathing

Anoxia

absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues

Hypercapnia

abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

Pulse Oximeter

Measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood

Pharyngotomy

Surgical incision of the pharynx

Ventilator

Mechanical device for artificial ventilation of the lungs

Chrones Disease

defective resistance or abnormal responses to intestinal microbes

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