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#1 indicates:

A) Abdominal aorta
B) descending aorta
C) thoracic aorta
D) none of the above

none of the above

#2 in the above image indicates

A) aortic arch
B) thoracic aorta
C) abdominal aorta
D) IVC

thoracic aorta

#3 in the image above refers to the restus abdominus muscle.
A) True
B) False

false

The aorta bifurcates into ____________________________ at the level of the _____________________.
A) Lt and Rt External Iliac arteries, groin
B) Lt and Rt Common Iliac arteries, umbilicus
C) Lt and Rt Internal Iliac arteries, groin
D) A and C

Lt and Rt Common Iliac arteries, umbilicus

All of the following are anterior branches of the aorta, EXCEPT:
A) SMA
B) IMA
C) Celiac Trunk
D) Renal arteries

renal arteries

The sonographic image displayed is in which of the following orientations?

A) Transverse
B) Coronal
C) Longitudinal
D) None of the above

transverse

Using the image above what vascular structure is visualized above?
A) SMA
B) celiac axis and branches
C) splenic veins
D) hepatic veins

celiac axis and branches

If You are scanning your patient in the transverse plane at the level demonstrated in the image above, which way would you slide your transducer to see the SMA?

A) medially
B) laterally
C) inferiorly
D) superiorly

inferiorly

On the diagram, what do number 3 and number 4 refer to?

A) right and left portal veins
B) Left and middle hepatic veins
C) anterior and posterior branches of the left portal vein
D) medial and lateral branches of the left portal vein

medial and lateral branches of the left portal vein

What do # 6 and # 7 refer to in the diagram above?
A) SMV and IMV
B) SMV and MPV
C) splenic and SMV
D) splenic and IMV

splenic and IMV

Which numbers on the diagram/image indicate portal venous structures?
A) 2 and 4
B) 1, 2 and 4
C) 1 and 2
D) 1 and 4
E) 2 only
F) 4 only

2 and 4

What branch of the MPV is shown the image above?
A) Right
B) Left

left

What are the names of the smaller branches of the vessel shown above?
A) Left anterior and Left Posterior Portal Veins
B) Right anterior and Right Posterior Portal Veins
C) Left medial and Left lateral Portal Veins
D) Right medial and Right lateral Portal Veins

left medial and left lateral portal veins

Which blood vessel courses anterior to the aorta and posterior to the SMA?
A) SMV
B) RRV
C) IMV
D) LRV

LRV

Which blood vessel courses more anteriorly, renal arteries or renal veins?
A) veins
B) arteries

veins

All of the following are lower extremity arteries except:
A) superficial femoral artery
B) deep femoral artery
C) greater saphenous artery
D) popliteal artery

greater saphenous artery

Which of the following colors of cursors are demonstrating a CORRECT AP measurement of the mid aorta segment on the image?
A) red
B) green
C) orange
D) blue

red

What vascular landmark divides the aorta into proximal and mid segments?
A) Renal artery
B) Hepatic artery
C) IMA
D) SMA

SMA

The image displayed above is demonstrating the aorta from what probe orientation?
A) Transverse
B) Coronal
C) Longitudinal

Longitudinal

The liver occupies a major portion of the:
A) left hypchondrium
B) epigastrium
C) righ hypochondrium
D) hypogastrium

right hypochondrium

The IVC and its visible branches are primarily evaluated to detect
A) enlargement
B) the location of the hepatic veins
C) liver disease
D) intraluminal thrombosis or tumor invasion

intraluminal thrombosis or tumor invasion

All of the following are ligaments of the liver EXCEPT:
A) coronary ligaments
B) triangular ligaments
C) bare area
D) falciform

bare area

On the left anteriorly, the legamentum teres divides the
A) anterior from the posterior left lobe
B) medial from the lateral left lobe
C) lateral from the distal left lobe
D) medial from the lateral right lobe

medial from the lateral left lobe

The caudate lobe is bordered posteriorly by the _______ and anteriorly by the _______.
A) aorta, left portal vein
B) IVC, right hepatic vein
C) IVC , left portal vein
D) Aorta, left hepatic vein

IVC, left portal vein

The main portal vein enters the ________________and divides into left and right portal branches
A) portal triad
B) portal hilum
C) the liver triad
D) porta hepatis

porta hepatis

The main lobar fissure is seen as an echogenic line connecting the ________________ to the _________.
A) liver, kidney
B) gallbladder, right portal vein
C) gallbladder left portal vein
D) gallbladder, liver

gallbladder, right portal vein

The portal triad consist of
A) GB, HV, PV
B) CBD, Pancreas, PV
C) CBD, HA, PV
D) pancreas, IVC, CBD

CBD, HA, PV

The common hepatic duct is _________ to the portal vein.
A) lateral
B) posterior
C) medial
D) anterior

anterior

All of the following are divisions of the gallbladder EXCEPT
A) cystic duct
B) fundus
C) body
D) neck

cystic duct

The hepatic duct is joined by the _____ to form the _____.
A) pancreatic duct; cystic duct
B) cystic duct; common bile duct
C) common bile duct; cystic duct
D) right hepatic duct; common bile duct

cystic duct, common bile duct

The cystic duct connects the _____ of the gallbladder with the common hepatic duct to form the _____.
A) fundus; common hepatic duct (CHD)
B) fundus; common bile duct (CBD)
C) neck; CBD
D) body; CHD

neck, CBD

The head of the pancreas lies in the:
A) lap of the liver
B) lap of the gallbladder, common bile duct (CBD)
C) lap of the duodenum
D) lap of the lesser omentum

lap of the duodenum

The head of the pancreas is inferior to the:
A) right lobe of liver
B) caudate lobe of liver
C) right lateral fissure of liver
D) left lateral fissure of liver

caudate lobe of liver

The _____ is the anterolateral border of the pancreas.
A) common bile duct
B) gastroduodenal artery
C) hepatic duct
D) superior mesenteric vein

gastroduodenal artery

The tail of the pancreas is found:
A) posterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum
B) anterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum
C) posterior to the right kidney, near the liver hilum
D) anterior to the right kidney, near the liver hilum

anterior to the left kidney, near the splenic hilum

The primary pancreatic duct is the:
A) duct of Santorini
B) duct of Ampulla
C) duct of Vater
D) duct of Wirsung

duct of Wirsung

The duct of Santorini is a/an:
A) small accessory duct to the gallbladder
B) accessory duct to the cystic duct
C) accessory duct to the pancreas
D) small opening in the duodenum

accessory duct to the pancreas

The normal size of the pancreatic duct is less than:
A) 1 mm
B) 2 mm
C) 5 mm
D) 6 mm

2 mm

The splenic artery is considered to be the:
A) superior border of the pancreas
B) lateral border of the pancreas
C) anterior border of the pancreas
D) inferior posterior border of the pancreas

superior border of the pancreas

The pancreas is reflective in its sonographic appearance because of :
A) islets of Langerhans
B) Cooper's ligaments
C) small glands or acini
D) fat between the lobules

fat between the lobules

Which of the following is not a probe position for a Gallbladder Fast Exam
A) High/Lateral view
B) low/lateral view
C) subcostal view

low/lateral view

The right and left hepatic ducts emerge from the right lobe of the liver in the porta hepatis and unite to form the:
A) common hepatic duct
B) cystic duct
C) common bile duct
D) common pancreatic duct

common hepatic duct

The hepatic duct is joined by the _____ to form the _____.
A) pancreatic duct; cystic duct
B) cystic duct; common bile duct
C) common bile duct; cystic duct
D) right hepatic duct; common bile duct

cystic duct; common bile duct

The distal duct lies _____ with the anterior wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC).
A) parallel
B) perpendicular
C) lateral
D) horizontal

parallel

The cystic duct connects the _____ of the gallbladder with the common hepatic duct to form the _____.
A) fundus; common hepatic duct (CHD)
B) fundus; common bile duct (CBD)
C) neck; CBD
D) body; CHD

neck; CBD

The function of the gallbladder is:
A) storage for extra cholesterol
B) storage for enzymes
C) reservoir for bile
D) reservoir for biliary salts

reservoir for bile

The bright linear echo within the liver connecting the gallbladder and the right or main portal vein is the:
A) right lobar fissure
B) main lobar fissure
C) ligamentum teres
D) left lobar fissure

main lobar fissure

The _____ branch of the hepatic artery can be seen between the common duct and the portal vein as a small circular structure.
A) left
B) middle
C) right
D) lateral

right

The common bile duct is joined by the main pancreatic duct. Together they open through the _____ into the duodenal wall.
A) ampulla of Oddi
B) ampulla of Water
C) ampulla of Vater
D) ampulla of Vauter

ampulla of Vater

The Mickey mouse sign contains which of the following structures...
A) Hepatic vein,common bile duct and the portal vein
B) Hepatic artery, cystic duct and the portal vein
C) Hepatic artery, common bile duct and the portal vein
D) Main portal vein, hepatic artery and the portal vein

Hepatic artery, common bile duct and the portal vein

Low level, nonshadowing echoes in the dependent portion of the gallbladder can be described as
A) artifacts
B) very small gallstones
C) biliary sludge
D) polyps

biliary sludge

The gallbladder is located on the
A) anterior and superior portion of the right lobe
B) posterior and inferior portion of the right lobe of the liver
C) posterior medial portion of the right lobe of the liver
D) posterior and inferior portion of the left lobe of the liver

posterior and inferior portion of the right lobe of the liver

The left and right hepatic ducts join at approximately the level of
A) the gallbladder neck
B) common bile duct
C) porta hepatis
D) the cystic duct

porta hepatis

The cystic duct connects the gallbladder to the
A) common hepatic duct
B) porta hepatis
C) common bile duct
D) liver

common hepatic duct

The common bile duct extends from the point where the cystic duct joins the
A) pancreatic duct
B) duodenum
C) ampulla of vater
D) common hepatic duct

common hepatic duct

The overall length of the gallbladder is
A) 3.5mm
B) 5 cm
C) highly variable
D) 3cm

highly variable

Bile enters the intestinal tract at the
A) distal CBD
B) ampulla of vater
C) cystic duct
D) sphincter of Oddi

ampulla of vater

The ______________ supplies blood to the gallbladder and liver
A) cystic artery
B) aorta
C) proper hepatic artery
D) common bile duct

proper hepatic artery

The intrahepatic ducts run alongside of the
A) hepatic veins and the hepatic arteries
B) hepatic veins and cystic duct
C) hepatic veins and the celiac trunk
D) portal vein and hepatic arteries

portal vein and hepatic arteries

The three landmarks that may be helpful in locating the gallbladder on a longitudinal image are
A) portal vein, ligamentum venosum and the right kidney
B) portal vein, main lobar fissure and the right kidney
C) hepatic artery, main lobar fissure and the right kidney
D) common bile duct, ligamentum venosum and the right kidney

portal vein, main lobar fissure and the right kidney

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