Medical Terminology- Chapter 2

Created by leicherm 

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Medial

relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle; toward the midline.

Lateral

Toward the side

Dorsal

Usually back, or top of foot.

Caudal

Toward the tail for animals- toward the foot for people

Cephalic

Toward the head

Ventral

Belly/abdominal side

Plantar

Side of foot= bottom of foot

Proximal

Close to point of attachment

Distal

far from point of attachment

Midsagittal

gives equal right and left parts

Parasagittal

gives unequal right and left parts

Para

beside or close by

Sagittal

may be: equal right and left parts or unequal right and left parts

Umbilical region

Where the umbilica cord was attached

Epigastric Region

Upon the stomach

Hypogastric Region

below the stomach

Hypochondriac Region

below the cartilage or below the ribs which are made up of a lot of cartialage

Ihac Regions

Named for a bone in hip are ilium

Lumbar Region

named from the lumbar area of the spinal column lower back

Homeostasis

maintaining internal stability

Hemostasis

controlling bleeding

Viscera

internal organs (or guts)

Symptom

info such as: something experienced by patient; second hand info

Sign

objective info such as: reports, test results, observations

Acute

fast onset; short term

Chronic

usually slow onset; long term

Inflammation

reaction or irritation

Infection

Has to have an infective agent; bacteria, virus, fungi

Iatrogenic

caused by medical treatment

Idiopathic

unknown cause

Etiology

cause of disease or study

Pathology

study of disease processes in the body by autopsy and/or biopsy

Diagnosis

naming the problem

Prognosis

educated guess about the outcome of the problem

-otomy

Incision, section= to cut into

Diagnosis (Pronunciation)

Separate "gn" when pronouncing; Diag/nosis

Rules is "pn" (Pronunciation)

When "pn" in front "p" is silent; When "pn" in middle separate, (apnea = ap/nea)

Pronunciation

Draw box around last letter of root and first non-vowel letter of suffix (cys TOP athy)

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