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Federalism. Pooey.

The federal system

is when power is shared between units of government

Federalism is

a way of organizing a nation so that tow or more levels of government have formal authority over the same area and people

Confederation

A form of governmental structure in which the national government is weak and most of all power is in the hands of it's components

What is an example of a confederation?

The United Nations

The constitutions supremacy clause

is that the Constitution overrides the State and Local Laws

The power to directly regulate such thinks as drinking ages, marriage, divorce, and sexual behavior has been granted to

the courts (judicial branch)

The government's responses in the wake of Hurricane Katrina underscores

the complexity of federalism

What are the effects of federalism?

decentralizes politics, creates more opportunities to participate in government, more power to judicial branch, create bureaucrats, all power resides in the central government

In our federal system, the powers of that state governments are ultimately granted by

the constitution

A unitary system is a way of organizing government so that

all power resides in the central government

The efforts of Candy Lighter and Mother Against Drunk Driving to raise the legal drinking age to 21 are examples of

National Congress influence/Federalism influence over the states

Only the national government is allowed to

regulate commerce with foreign nations

The enumerated powers of Congress and the national government are those

that are specified in the Constitution

In determining the power of Congress to regulate commerce in the case of Gibbons v Ogden (1824), the supreme court

defined commerce as virtually every form of commercial activity (boats, people, mad etc.)

A marriage license issued in one state is valid and honored in all states under the constitutional provision of

full faith and credit clause

The tenth amendment

Reserved powers to the states, are those not delegated or enumerated

In its McCulloch v Maryland decision, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of

Supremacy of the national government over the states

The McCulloch v Maryland case dealt with what specific grievance?

State taxing a national government (used elastic clause and interpreted the constitution)

In the Constitution, the powers to coin money, to enter into treaties, and to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the states were given to

Congress

The Supreme Court Case of McCulloch v Maryland (1819)

established the key concept of implied powers, broad construction of the constitution and national supremacy

The constitution's provision that congress has the right to "make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution" is often referred to as the

elastic clause

In cooperative federalism, in order to qualify for federal grant money, cities and states must

follow provisions for adopting and enforcing federal laws

Federal policies to regulate food and drugs, build interstate highways, protect consumers, try to clean up dirty air and water, and do many other things are all justified as _____ of Congress

Implied powers

If the allocation of power under dual federalism were compared to a cake it would be most like

marble cake (swirlyish)

The Supreme Court case of Gibbons v Ogden

dealt with commerce and trade

Enumerated powers are those that are

granted by the constitution

The constitutional requirement t4hat the states return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state for trial or imprisonment is known as

extradition

Grants for specific programs distributed according to community demographic factors, such as population or income are

formula grants

If the allocations of power in a cooperative federal system were compared to a cake it would be most like

a layer cake

Over the last 125 years the people of the United States have turned increasingly to the national government to solve problems or provide assistance because

the national government provides grants

Since the ratification of the Constitution, American federalism has gradually changed from

a dual federalism to a cooperative federalism

Grants that are given more or less automatically to states or communities, which have discretion in deciding how to spend the money are called

block grants

Federal regulation of state governments is usually accomplished through

block grants

The requirement of a drinking age provision before states can receive federal highway is an example of

the national government's ability to influence state policy

Expansions of mandated programs by the national government present especially difficult funding problems for

state and local governments

ESSAY. Define the Constitutional Principle of Federalism. (what are you going to talk about??)

1. Definition/Decentralized
2. Distribution of power
3. Federalism Views - Dual vs Cooperative
4. How $/Grants are distributed/mandates
5. Supremacy Clause
6. Full faith and credit clause, privileges and immunity clause
7. Examples of McCulloch v Maryland, Gibbons v Ogden

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