Aztecs and Incas
groups of indians
1st in Central America conquered by Cortes,2nd in Peru conquered by Pizarro
explorer who got to the tip of africa...portuguese
explorer who rounded the tip of africa...portuguese
Portuguese ship that could turn around. Good for exploring.
Sailed the ocean blue in 1492
conquistadore of Aztec
conquistadore of Incas
found Quebec claim NA for French
Protestant Queen of England. Defeated the Spanish armada in 1588
Joint Stock Company
Left england because of the Enclosure acts
Settled in 1607 in Virginia. First British Settlement in America.
Indian princess who helped John Smith and relations with Jamestown and Indians. Married John Rolfe.
Very important crop who's success is largely accredited to John Rolfe.
Founder of Maryland. Real name Cecilius Calbert
Act of Toleration
Made by Lord Baltimore in Maryland. Ended Religious wars.
Now modern day Charleston, South Carolina. Center of Rice trade
Founded Georgia a debtor's colony.
Protestant leader of England after English Civil War.
Settlement of Separatist Puritans. Later merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony
settlement of Puritans non-Separatist. Governer Winthrop
the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
Gov, As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Winthrop (1588-1649) was instrumental in forming the colony's government and shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present-day Boston, as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world.
banned from Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded religiously tolerant Rhode Island
a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island
founded 1681 by William Penn for Quakers
1688!! William & Mary rule England establish a bill of rights
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
An uprising in 1676 in the Virginia Colony, led by Nathaniel Bacon. It was the first rebellion in the American colonies in which discontented frontiersmen took part; a similar uprising in Maryland occurred later that year. The uprising was a protest against the governor of Virginia, William Berkeley. More slaves...less indentured servants
A Puritan church document; In 1662, the Halfway Covenant allowed partial membership rights to persons not yet converted into the Puritan church; It lessened the difference between the "elect" members of the church from the regular members; Women soon made up a larger portion of Puritan congregations.
Edwards and Whitefield
Led the Great Awakening Movement from 1720-1750
attacked royal governors with his newspaper, NY Weekly Journal, establish the right of free press by winning a court case
King Phillip's War
1675-76 ended the "Indian question" in New england
An Indian uprising in 1680 where pueblo rebels in an attempt to resist catholicism and Europeans all together destroyed every catholic church in the province and killed scores of priests and hundreds of spanish settlers.
colonial governor who said that the British "needed to fortify the Great Lakes"
was coveted by British and French
Governor who ordered General Washington to attack Fort Duquesne
led the ill-advised attack on Fort Duquesne and started the French and Indian War
French and Indian War
War lasting from 1754-1763
Prime minister of England during the French and Indian War who supplied all of the money to beat the French...lots of places' names accredited to him: pittsburgh, pittsboro, pitt county
Battle of Quebec
led by General Wolfe ended the French and Indian War for the British. Wolfe died.
Treaty of Paris, Pontiac, Paxton, Proclamation Line
Four p's of 1763
1765, an act passed by the British parliament that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Act which was issued in 1766 in order to confirm the British government's right to pass acts which were legally binding to the colonists. It was used to save face after the colonists forced the repeal of the Stamp Act.
A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea in 1767
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans. Crispus Attucks was the American leader and was killed.
Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company to sell its low-cost tea directly to the colonies - undermining colonial tea merchants; led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
angered the colonists: Quebec Act (meant good land went to British enemies), disabled the Boston Charter, disabled Boston Harbor until all the tea was cleared
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
Lexington and Concord
first 2 battles of Revolutionary War in 1774-75 led by British General Gage
Red letter year in which Declaration of Independence was signed, Thomas Paine's Common Sense was published, King George sent Hessians, and the Olive Branch Petition
Battle of New Jersey
George Washington's attack on the Hessian garrison on December 26, 1776. turning point of Revoltionary War convinced the otherwise doubtful colonists that victory could be attained.
Battle of Saratoga
American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution. convinced the French
Brilliant Revolutionary War strategical leader. Quaker
General who was sent to America who surrendered Yorktown to the colonists, which signified the end of the Revolutionary War.
battle of Yorktown
1781 last war of Revolutionary War. George Washington forced Cornwallis towards the Coast and French were there waiting.
Treaty of Paris
signed in 1783 ended the Revolutionary War. Signed by John Jay
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states
rebellion led by Daniel Shays demanded cheaper paper money, cancel debts, end foreclosures
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
Those who supported the Constitution and a strong central government, and those who thought the Constitution gave too much power to the national government.
agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation and taxation in Congress