PCOM: Medical Terminology, week 5 - oncology, female reproductive system

Created by plecke 

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156 terms

amni/o

amnion

cervic/o

cervix, neck

chori/o, chorion/o

chorion

colp/o

vagina

culd/o

cul-de-sac

episi/o

vulva

galact/o

milk

gynec/o

woman, female

hyster/o

uterus, womb

lact/o

milk

mamm/o

breast

mast/o

breast

men/o

menses, menstruation

metr/o, metri/o

uterus

my/o, myom/o

muscle, muscle tumor

nat/i

birth

obstetr/o

pregnancy and childbirth

o/o

egg

oophor/o

ovary

ov/o

egg

ovari/o

ovary

ovul/o

egg

perine/o

perinium

phor/o

to bear

salping/o

fallopian tubes

uter/o

uterus

vagin/o

vagina

vulv/o

vulva

-arche

beginning

-cyesis

pregnancy

-gavida

pregnant

-parous

bearing, bringing forth

-rrhea

discharge

-salpinix

uterine tube

-tocia

labor, birth

-version

act of turning

dys-

painful, difficult, abnormal

endo-

within

in-

in

intra-

within

multi-

many

nulli-

no, not, none

pre-

before

primi-

first

retro-

backward

adnexa uteri

Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments

amnion

innermost membrane sac surrounding the developing fetus

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

chorion

outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

coitus

sexual intercourse

corpus luteum

empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally: yellow body

embryo

state in prenatal development from 2-6 weeks

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus

fertilizaton

union of the sperm cell and ovum from qhich the embryo develops

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 6-39 or 40 weeks

fimbriae

finger- or fringe- like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell

gamete

male of female sexual reproduction cell; sperm cell or ovum

genitalia

reproductive organs; also called genitals

gestation

period of fertilization of the ovum to birth

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testes

gynecology

study of female reproductive organs inculding the breasts

human chorionic gonadotropin (hGC)

hormone produces by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

hymen

mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

labia

lips of the vagina; majora and minora

lactiferous Ducts

tubes that carry milk within the breast

leutinizing hormone (LH)

hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast

menarche

beginning of the first menstrual period

menopause

gradual ending of the menstruation

menstruation

monthly shedding of the uterine lining

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus

neonatology

study of the disorders and care of the newborn

obstetrics

medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

orifice

an opening

ovarian follicle

developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary.

ovary

one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis. Almond shaped, the size of large walnuts; produce egg cells and hormones

ovulation

release of the ovum from the ovary

parturition

act of giving birth

perineum

in females, the area between the anus and vagina

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain

placenta

vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy and is the communication between mother and fetal bloodstreams

pregnancy

condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women

puberty

point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins

uterine serosa

outermost layer surrounding the uterus

uterus

hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop

vagina

muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body

vulva

external female genitalia including: labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization to 2 weeks

cali/o, calic/o

calyx

cyst/o

urinary bladder

glomerul/o

glomerulus

meat/o

meatus

nephr/o

kidney

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ren/o

kidney

trigon/o

trigone

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

vsic/o

urinary bladder

albumin/o

albumin

azot/o

nitrogen

bacteri/o

bacteria

dips/o

thirst

ket/o, keton/o

ketone bodies

lith/o

stone

noct/o

night

olig/o

scanty

-poetin

substance that forms

py/o

pus

-tripsy

to crush

ur/o

urine (urea)

urin/o

urine

-uria

urination; urine condition

-genesis

formation

-one

hormone

-pexy

fixation, put in place

-stomy

new opening

arteriole

small artery

bowman capsule

enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus

calyx

cup like collecting region of the renal pelvis

catheter

tube for injecting or removing fluids

cortex

outer region

creatinine

waste product of muscle metabolism; nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

electrolyte

chemical element with a negative charge in water

erythropoetin

hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of red blood cells by bone marrow

filtration

passive process by which some substances pass through a filter or other material

glomerulus

tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney

hilum

depression or hollow in the part of an organ where blood vessels enter and leave

kidney

one of two bean shaped organs behind the abdominal cavity

meatus

opening or canal

medulla

inner region

micturition

urination; the act of voiding

nephron

combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption and secretion take place in the kidney.

nitrogenous waste

substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine

potassium (K+)

an electrolyte important to body processed, concentration levels in the blood regulated by the kidney

reabsorption

renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back to the bloodstream

renal artery

blood vessel supplying the kidney

renal pelvis

central collecting region in the kidney

renal tubule

microscopic tube in the kidney in which urine is formed after filtration

renal vein

blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney

renin

enzymatic hormone produced, stored and secreted by the kidney; raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction

Na+

electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys

trigone

triangular area in the urinary bladder in which the ureters enter and the urethra exits

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