Famous Castrato. public début in 1720 in Porpora's Angelica e Medoro, based on the first printed libretto of Pietro Metastasio.
1567-1643 Renaissance to Baroque. Only wrote vocal & dramatic works. 9 books of madrigals. Got into a debate with Giovanni Artusi who attacked his works!
Italian Mezzo-Soprano. was brought to London by the impresario Owen Swiny and made her London début as Roxana in Handel's Alessandro at the King's Theatre in 1726, with Cuzzoni and Senesino in the other leading roles. In the next two seasons (1727-8) she created four other Handel parts - Alcestis in Admeto (1727), Pulcheria in Riccardo Primo (1727), Emira in Siroe (1728) and Elisa in Tolomeo (1728)- and sang in Ariosti's Lucio Vero and Teuzzone, Giovanni Bononcini's Astianatte (in which she created Hermione in 1727) and Handel's Radamisto.
Italian Soprano. King's Theatre début on 12 January 1723 as Teofane in Handel's Ottone. Rival was Faustina Bordoni.
George Frederic Handel
1685-1759. Italian Style of writing. Wrote Italian operas for London. Popular, mixed Italian, German, and French styles of writing.
Studied ancient Greek music, produced treatises & letters of influence on early development of monody & opera.
1598-1659. Venetian Lawyer. Wrote 5 libretti for Monteverdi & Cavalli, L'incoronazione di Poppea
Composer of Le nuove musiche (New music, published 1602). Ornamentation. Baroque
Part of Camarata. 1561-1633. Wrote L'Euridice. First complete opera. Invented reictative
Lorenzo da Ponte
Wrote 3 Librettos for Mozart. Serious & Comic. Don Giovanni, The marriage of Fiaggaro, Cosi Fan Tutti.
Adapted libretti for Handel, including Cesare. Composed vocal music.
Wrote the poetry for J. Peri's Dafne
1698-1782. Established form for opera seria. Believed in promoting morality through entertainment.
Castratto. Popular in London. Sang 20 roles for Handel, 17 of which were written for him.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
1756-1791. Borin in Salzburg, but traveled and adopted different musical styles. Excelled in all major musical genres. Piano Prodigy. First minutes composed by age 5. First symphony written by age 8. Opera: Believed poetry should serve music. Popular operas: Idomeneo, Le Nozze di Figaro, Don Giovanni, Cosi fan tutte, Die Zauberflote, Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail.