waves that transfer electic and magnetic waves through space
energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles
electromagnetic waves with wave lengths that are longer than visible light but shorter than microwaves
electromagnetic waves with wave lengths shorter than visible light but longer than x-rays
reflection of light in all directions
the process by which heat is trapped in the atmosphere by gasees that form a "blanket" aroung the Earth.
a measure of how hot or cold something is
instrument used to measure temperature
the total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles in a substance.
the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because of a difference in temperature
the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching
the transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid
circular movement of a gas or liquid as it cools and is heated. ( lava lamp)
the horizontal movement of wind from a area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
instrument used to measure wind speed
wind chill factor
measurement of cooling combining temperature and wind speed.
winds that blow over short distances
the flow of air from land to a body of water
winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances
The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees.
distance east or west of the prime meridian
A warm air mass that forms in the tropics and has low air pressure
a cold air mass that forms north of 50 degrees north latitude or south 50 degrees south latitude and has high air pressure
a humid air mass that forms over oceans
a dry air mass that forms over land
A swirling center of low air pressure
a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds moving a 73-136 knots (12 on the Beaufort scale)
a localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground