World History Vocab: Word Wall 10-16

57 terms by elizabethwiggans

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Christianity

a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior

Judaism

the monotheistic religion, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud

Hinduism

a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system

Buddhism

a religion holding that life is full of suffering caused by desire and that the way to end this suffering is through enlightenment that enables one to halt the endless sequence of births and deaths to which one is otherwise subject.

Islam

based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah

Reincarnation

is the process of being reborn where an individual spirit or soul is born again and again until moksha, or a perfect understanding of the world, is reached

Enlightenment

the state attained when one's spirit, or Atman, is freed from the cycle by gathering wisdom, from which reincarnation ends and human desire ceases to exist

Four Noble Truths

the four main ideas that Buddha had learned during his enlightenment which he preached during his first sermon about achieving Enlightenment

Nirvana

the new Buddha's description of Enlightenment where one is released from selfishness and pain

Covenant

is a promise made between two parties

Ten Commandments

These are a set of stone tablets which contain a group of ten rules or laws issued by God to Moses on Mount Sinai

Moses

The man described by the Torah and the Bible as the one who delivered the Hebrew people out of slavery in Egypt

Apostles

These twelve men were Jesus' first pupils or student who gave up their lives in order to follow Jesus

Diaspora

The dispersal of the Jews during their rebellion from the Romans

Zionist Movement

Where many Jews migrated out of Europe in order to escape persecution

Balfour Declaration

Signed by the U.S. and the U.N. that made Isreal a country

Palestinian Liberation Organization

Political party and organization that fought for Palestinian rights

Anti-Semitism

The act of hating or persecuting people of the Jewish religion

Settlements

Places in Palestine that the Isrealis have taken order for protection

Six Days War

The war where 3 countries attacked Isreal at once (Jordan, Egypt, and Syria)

Yom Kippur War

The war where Palestinians attacked Isreal on their holiday

Refugee Camps

Camps for people that were moved from their homes

Right of Return

Palestinians claim they have this which would give them their land back

Oslo Accords

Peace negotiations between Palestinians and Isrealis during the 90s

Allah

The one God in the monotheistic religion of Islam

Muhammad

An orphaned man who claimed to have been spoken to by Allah through the angel Gabriel

Muslim

"One who has submitted" or a follower of Islam

Mosque

The Islamic house of worship

Hajj

The pilgrimage to Mecca

Qu'ran

The holy book of the Muslims

Caliph

A title in Arabic which means "successor" or "deputy"

Sunni

Group that believes that the four caliphs were rightly guided following Muhammed's example

Shi'a

A group that believes that leaders should be related to Muhammad

Lord

a landowner

Fief

the land being exchanged

Vassal

the person who recieves the land/ fief

Serf

peasant

Manor

the lord's estate

Tithe

a church tax

Feudalism

A political and economic system of Europe which divides up the land between people

Middle Ages

a time period when the Roman Empire began to decline

Code of Chivalry

A code issued in the 1100's that demanded that a knight fight bravely

Siege

An attack on a castle

Clergy

A group of people of the church

Sacraments

Important religious ceremonies that helped one reach salvation

Simony

The practice which bishops sold positions of the Church to different people

Gothic

A new type of architecture that involved light and windows reaching towards the heavens

The Crusades

A "holy war" that was issued by Pope Urban II so that they would be able to gain control of the Holy Land

Christopher Columbus

A Genose sea captain who sailed from Spain in 1492 and found America

Colonies

Lands that are controlled by other nations

Conquistadors

Spanish explorers who traveled throughout North and South America in search of gold and silver

Mestizo

Mixed Spanish and Native American populations

Jamestown

The settlement founded by 1607 by the English people

Triangle Trade

A transatlantic trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas

Columbian Exchange

The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas

Capitalism

A economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources for profit

Mercantilism

a theory of economic policy that put a country's power mainly in their amoutn fo wealth

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