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What is the action of the deltoid muscle

it abducts the arm, flexes, extends, medially and laterally rotates arm

Name the origin of the supraspinatus muscle

supraspinous fossa

What is the insertion of the pectoralis minor

Corocoid process of scapula

What is the origin of the levator scapulae

C1-4

What is the insertion of the latissimus dorsi

intertubercular groove of humerus

Does the biceps brachii muscle originate or insert on the humerus

inserts

What is the origin of the trapezius

occipital protuberance, nuchal ligament spinous processes of C7-T12

The pectoralis major has what action

flexes, adducts and medially rotates arm

what is the insertion of the subscapularis

lesser tubercle of humerus

What is the action of the triceps brachii

extends and adducts arm, extends forearm

What is the origin of the brachialis

anterior distal surface of humerus

Name all the muscles that flex the arm

deltoid, pectoralis major, biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, brachialis, brachioradialis, pronator teres

Which muscles are antagonists of the triceps brachii

biceps brachii

What is the origin of the flexor carpi ulnaris

medial epicondyle of humerus and ulna

what is an antagonist to the supinator muscle

tricep extensor

Where does the flexor digitorum superficialis insert

middle phalanges of digits 3-5

What is the insertion of the extensor carpi ulnaris muscle

metacarpal 5

What is the action of the flexor carpi radialis muscles

flexes and abducts hand

What muscle extends both the hand and the phalanges

extensor digitorum

What muscles flex the hand

palmaris longus, flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus, flexor pollicis longus

What muscles extend the thumb

abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis longus, and brevis

Where are the extensor carpi muscles located, on the anterior or posterior side of the forearm?

posterior

What is the action of the epitrochlearis

extends the forelimb

How does the deltoid of the cat differ from the deltoid of the human?

Human - 1 muscle
Cat - 3 muscles

Which muscle is more developed in cats, the flexor digitorum superficialis or the flexor digitorum profundus?

Flexor digitorum profundus

As you hit a nail with a hammer, what arm muscle are you using

triceps brachii

as you look up at the ceiling what back muscle are you using?

trapezius

If you were to ride a horse, what muscles would you use to keep your seat out of the saddle as you rode?

Iliopsas, pectineus, sartorius, gracilis, adductor longus, brevis

How do the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus prevent you from toppling over as you walk?

They maintain your center of gravity

What is a muscle that is an antagonist to the biceps femoris muscle

guadriceps muscle

What are two muscles that are synergists with the biceps femoris muscle

semitendionsus and semimembranosus

What is the insertion of all the muscles of the quadriceps group

patellar ligament

How does the action of the rectus femoris differ from that of the other quadriceps muscles

it flexes the thigh

how many adductor muscles are there

3

List two muscles in this exercise that are responsible for thigh flexion

rector femoris, iliopsas

Where do the hamstring muscles orginates as a group

ischial tuberosity

What is the action of the vastus lateralis

extends the leg

Which muscle group is located on the anterior part of the thigh

quadriceps femoris group

Is abduction of the thigh movement away from or toward the midline?

away

Which muscle flexes the lumbar vertebrae as part of its action

iliopsas

What is the origin of the gastrocnemius

condyles of femur

What is the insertion of the tibialis anterior in humans

metatarsal 1 and cuneiform 1

How does the action of the fibularis longus in humans differ from that of the fibularis tertius

longus - plantar flexes
tertius - dorsiflexes

What is the action of the extensor hallucis longus

extends hallux, dorsiflexes foot, inverts foot

The calf is made up of what two major muscles

gastrocnemius, soleus

Plantar flexion occurs by what muscles

fibularis longus, fibularis brevis, gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus

What muscle extends the toes

extensor digitorum longus

name a muscle in this exercise that dorsiflexes the foot

extensor digitorum longus

Plantar flexion and eversion of the foot occur by what action of what muscle

fibularis longus and brevis

what is the insertion of the soleus

calcaneus by the calcaneal tendon

What is the insertion of the fibularis tertius muscle

dorsum of metacarpal 5

What is the insertion of the flexor digitorum longus

Digital phalanges of digits 2-5

What is the origin of the masseter muscle

zygomatic arch

What is the action of the risorius

abducts corner of mouth

what kind of muscle is the orbicularis oculi or orbicularis oris muscle in terms of action

sphincter

What muscle originates on the temporal fossa

teporalis fossa

Name two muscles that close the jaw

masseter, temporalis

Where does the sternocleidomastoid muscle insert

mastoid process, superior nuchal line

What muscle closes the lips

orbicularis oris

Where does the orbicluaris oculi insert

skin of eyelid

What is the insertion of the temporalis

coronoid process, mandibular ramus

name a muscle that closes the eye

orbicularis oculi

what is the action of the sternocleidomastoid

one - rotates and extends the neck
both - flex neck

What muscle is a synergist with the masseter

temporalis

What is the action of the serratu anterior muscle

abducts scapula

Name four muscles that extend the vertebral column

spinalis longissimus iliocastalis

How does the serratus anterior function as an antagonist to the rhomboideus muscles

abducts

How does the action of the rectus abdominis differ from that of the other abdominal muscles

flexes vertebral column

Extension and rotation of the vertebral column occur by what group of muscles

erector spinae

what is the action of the intercostal muscles

exhalation

What muscle inserts on the central tendon

diaphragm

the tendinous intersections are found in what muscle

rectus abdominus

which is the deepest abdominal muscle

transversus abdominis

what is the action of the quadratus lumborum

laterally flexes vertebral column

What two muscles originate on the neck and extend and rotate the head

semispinalis, spinalis longissimus iliocostalis

How do the abdominal muscles in the cat compare with those in the human in terms of relative position

it is superficial on the ventral abdomen

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