Chapter 5 People and Places and Things

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8th grade section 1-4 chapter 5

Suger Act

this act lowered the tax on MOLASSES imported by the colonist. The British government hoped the act would convince the colonists to pay the taxes instead of smuggling goods in to the colonies. The act also let officers seize goods from smugglers without going to court.

Stamp Act

This law placed a tax on almost all PRINTED materials in the colonies - newspapers, pamphlets, wills and even playing cards.

Patrick Henry

This person was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. He persuaded the burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act. "If this be treson, make the most of it!"

Samuel Adams

this leader of the son of liberty. He was the cousin of John Adams.

Sons of Liberty

Is a group of men organized to protest the actions of British government.

Declaratory

This act intended to make it clear to the colonies that Britain's power over them was not to be questioned. Stated the Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for the British colonies.

Townshend Act

this act was placed an import duty on tea, glass, lead, paint, and paper.

Quarter Act

Is a law enacted in 1765 that required colonist to provide food and shelter for british troops.

Boston Massachure

The Red coats opened fire on the colonist that were harassing them outside the customs house.

Tea Act (Of 1773)

This act gave the East India Co. the right to ship tea to the colonist with out paying musch of the taxes usually paid on tea. It created a monoply.(not the board game)

Crispus Attacks

The name of the African American killed in the Boston Massacre.

Boston Tea Party

On December 16, 1773, colonist boared ships and threw 342 chests of tea overboard to protest the Tea Act.

Intolerable Acts

A act that was passed in the spring of 1774 by Parliament, these were very harsh laws intended to punish the people of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. It closed the Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for the colonists called the law the ________.

Paul Revere (And Samuel Adams )

Who was the leaders of the Son of liberty that warned the people the British were coming

John Adams

Who was a (male) cousin to Samuel Adams. He was a lawyer sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress.

Continental Congress

Had 55 delegates from all of the colonies except Georgie met in Philadelphia in September 1774 to form a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control.

John Adams

A Lawyer from New York, sent as a delegate to the Continental Congress.

Battle Of Bunkerhill

The British won this battle, but suffered heavy losses - more than 1,000 dead.

Tomas Paine

He published a pamphlet called Common Sense

Declaration of Independence

Approved on July 4, 1776 - This document stated the colonist's intent to separate itself from britain. It also included a list of complaints against the king. It was written by Thomas Jefferson

Common Sence (or introduction)

This pamphlet called for complete independence from britain.

Second Continental Congress

Second meeting of the delegates. They began to govern the colonist and authorized the printed of money an set up a post office. They also created the Continental Army.

Olive Branch Petition

This was sent to King George the 3rd. It assured the king of the colonists to desire for peace and ask the King to protect the colonists right.

Contial Army

Army of the colonies - more organized than the militia.

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