A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
First emperor of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar's grand-nephew. He restored order and prosperity to the Empire. An era called, "Pax Romana."
a group of countries under a single ruler with complete control
The ruler of an empire
the monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
Tarquin the Proud
the last of the Roman kings who abused his powers, killed those who objected, and was finally driven from the throne in 510 B.C
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
1. Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians
2. He promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity
3. Moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople
1. The Franks first Christian king.
2. Defeated the Roman Empire, but kept its legacies.
Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part
Internal factors that led to the fall of the Roman Empire
1. No new growth
2. Rise in taxes, education and food prices
3. decline in agriculture (warfare, overuse, no new farming technology
4. soldiers less loyal to Rome; pledged allegiance to individuals
5. citizens less loyal to Rome
6. Corruption in government
The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the fall of the Western Empire. Its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine.
The ruler of the Eastern Roman Empire who ruled with his wife, Theodora, and reconquered lost territories for the Empire
2. created the Justinian Code
3. built Hagia Sphia
a set of laws, written by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, that served the Byzantine Empire for hundreds of years
1. division; split
Eastern church which was created in 1053 after the schism from the western Roman church; its head is the patriarch of Constantinople.
Roman Catholic Church
Western church that was created after schism from the Eastern Church; it's head is the pope.
Center of eastern Roman Empire, established by Constantine
belief in one God