Social Studies chapter 5

19 terms by miadrennan 

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subcontinent

a large land mass that is smaller than acontinent like India.

sanskirt

most important language in ancient egypt.

monsoons

seasonal wind pattern that causes wet or dry seasons.

caste system

division of indian society in groups based on rank, wealth, occupation

Hinduism

the main religion of India. It teaches that everything is a part of a universal spirit called Brahman

reincarnation

A Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body.

karma

in Buddhism and Hinduism, the effects that good or bad actions have on a persons soul.

jainism

An indian religion based on the teachings of Mahavria that teaches all life is sacred.

non violence

the avoidance of violent actions

fasting

going without food for a period of time

meditation

deep, continued thought that focuses the mind on spiritual ideas.

buddhism

a religion based on the teachings on the Buddah that developed in India in the 500bc.

nirvana

in Buddhism, a state of perfect peace.

missionary

someone who works to spread religious beliefs.

metallurgy

the science of working with metals.

allow

a mixture of more metals

Hindu Arabic numerals

the number system we use today that was created by Indian scholars during the Gupta dynasty.

Inoculation

injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defenses to a disease.

astronomy

the study of stars and planets.

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