Romulus and Remus
The legendary founders of Rome.
When the people elect leaders to govern them.
One of Rome's famous dictators who was a farmer, gained power and resigned.
The two most powerful magistrates in Rome.
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised city's leaders.
To prohibit or cancel.
The language of the Romans.
Checks and Balances
Methods to balance power.
The Roman's public meeting place.
Groups of up to 6,000 soldiers.
A series of wars against Carthage, a city in northern Africa.
A brilliant general from Carthage that led elephants towards Rome to attack it.
A great general that made great conquests in Gaul but was attacked and assassinated by a group of Senators.
Caesar's adopted son, also called Octavian.
A 200 year period of Roman peace when trade increased and Romans became wealthy.
A raised channel used to carry water.
Languages that come from Latin,the Roman language. (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian)
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
Jesus of Nazareth
The founder of Christianity. His teachers spread throughout the Roman Empire and the world.
A type of execution in which a person is nailed to a cross.
When you rise from the dead. According to Christian beliefs, Jesus rose from the dead three days after he was crucified.
Paul of Tarsus
He traveled throughout the Roman world spreading Christian teachings.
A Roman emperor that became a Christian and removed bans on religion in Rome.
An emperor that felt Rome was too big to rule by one emperor and split Rome into eastern and western halves.
A leader of the Huns (from Central Asia) that raided the eastern portion of the Roman territory.
The decay of people's values.
Justinian & Theodora
Roman emperor and his wife in the Eastern portion of Rome that tried to rebuild Rome but eventually founded the Byzantine Empire.
A new empire that developed in the former Eastern portion of Rome that was based on the Greek heritage.
Major mountain range running north to south through the Italian Peninsula
Major mountain range at the top of the Italian Peninsula
Major river in Italy upon which Rome was founded
Structures used to carry water in Roman times
These were well built structures that lead 'everywhere' in ancient Roman times...some are still in use today.
The first group of people to settle in the Tiber River region BEFORE Romulus and Remus founded Rome.
Governments with representatives elected by the people
a ruler with complete control