U.S. History II -- Chapter 13 Test

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Vocabulary terms to help study for United States History II test, chapter thirteen.

Shoah

"catastrophe," what the Jewish people referred to the Holocaust as

Gestapo

the secret police force of the German Nazi state, notorious for its terrorism and brutality

Auschwitz

Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there

Nuremberg Laws

Placed severe restrictions of Jews, prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books (1935)

SS St. Louis

Jews on board that were headed for Cuba and the U.S. were denied

Kristallnacht

marked an escalation in the persecution of the Jews; "Night of Broken Glass."

Buchenwald

one of the first and largest concentration camps

Wannsee Conference

A meeting in which the "Final solution" and use of concentration camps were decided in 1942

Fight for Freedom Committee

wanted the repeal of all neutrality laws and stronger action against Germany

Atlantic Charter

1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war

Reuben James

U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men

Neutrality Act of 1939

Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships (FDR)

Hemispheric Defense Zone

Declaration that said that the entire western half of Atlantic was part of the Western Hemisphere which made it NEUTRAL

lend-lease act

allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S.

Strategic Materials

materials important for fighting a war; the U.S. witheld airplane feul and scrap iron from Japan during this war

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