5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Lewis Binford
- Boucher de Perthes
- a Wandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts
Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)
- b Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
- c Where material culture is found
Matrix: material around object
Provenience: object's horizontal and vertical position in the matrix (and also time period)
Association: object's relationship with other archaeological remains
- d Humans bones coexisted with extinct animal species
Extinction was not a part of God's plan
- e A distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity
5 Multiple choice questions
- Anthropological version of post processualism
Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly
Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation
Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer
- Evolution was not new
- Dating based on the analysis of patterns of tree-rings; can date the time at which tree rings were formed, in many types of wood, to the exact calendar year
- A theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically
- -Myth of the "mound builders"
-Search for "Glacial Man"
-Vikings and Hunt for Vinland
5 True/False questions
Three Age System → the periodization of human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective tool-making technologies:
Stratigraphy → Study of geological or soil layers (strata); single best method archaeologists have for determining relative ages
Can tells us much about the processes affecting the deposition of soils, and the condition of sites and artifacts
Terminus post quem → Youngest possible date before which an event happened
Cultural relativism → Describes; empirical
What? When? Where?
Alfred V. Kidder → Pioneer of postprocessual archaeology