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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Site
  2. Types of material culture
  3. Ian Hodder
  4. Willard Libby
  5. Terminus ante quem
  1. a -Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)
  2. b Youngest possible date before which an event happened
  3. c A distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity
  4. d Pioneer of postprocessual archaeology
  5. e American chemist, who, in 1949, announced his invention of radiocarbon (C14) dating; won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. "Guide to Northern Antiquity"

    Started organizing things in terms of material (stone, bronze, iron)
  2. Two ways:
    -Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
    -Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
  3. Anthropological version of post processualism

    Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly

    Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation

    Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer
  4. Where material culture is found

    Matrix: material around object
    Provenience: object's horizontal and vertical position in the matrix (and also time period)
    Association: object's relationship with other archaeological remains
  5. Term used to describe the 'modern synthesis' of Darwinian evolution through natural selection with Mendelian genetics

    As part of the disagreement about whether natural selection alone was sufficient to explain speciation, George Romanes coined the term neo-Darwinism to refer to the version of evolution advocated by Alfred Russel Wallace and August Weismann with its heavy dependence on natural selection

5 True/False Questions

  1. Alfred V. KidderFamous for bringing archaeology to the American southwest (Pecos pueblos) and Mesoamerica

    Spent almost 15 years in one site

    First person to develop chronology-cultural periods

    First archaeologist to publish empirical data in 1924


  2. Archaeological reconstructionismHow? What was it like?


  3. Types of absolute dating methods"Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system


  4. Culture historyDescribes; empirical

    What? When? Where?


  5. Louis and Mary LeakeyWorked at Olduvai Gorge


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