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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Three Age System
  2. Expressing time
  3. Survey
  4. Boucher de Perthes
  5. Postprocessual archaeology
  1. a Humans bones coexisted with extinct animal species

    Extinction was not a part of God's plan
  2. b the periodization of human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective tool-making technologies:
    -Stone Age
    -Bronze Age
    -Iron Age
  3. c "Interpretive archaeology"

    Interprets; subjective

    Humanistic approach
  4. d Two ways:
    -Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
    -Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
  5. e Wandering around in standardized ways to look for buried artifacts/ecofacts

    Can be: remote (air), surface (ground), subsurface (below ground)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. -Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
    -Manual
  2. Those processes affecting the way in which archaeological remains came to be buried, and their subsequent history

    Two types:
    -Cultural: deliberate or accidental activities of humans affecting creation of the arch. record
    -Natural: natural (inorganic vs. organic)
  3. Ideas/methodology; way to organize knowledge
  4. Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred

    Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age

    -Stratigraphy
  5. -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
    -Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration

5 True/False questions

  1. Types of material culture-Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)

          

  2. 19th century themes-Myth of the "mound builders"
    -Search for "Glacial Man"
    -Vikings and Hunt for Vinland

          

  3. Lewis Henry MorganAmong the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.

          

  4. Absolute dating"Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system

          

  5. PostmodernismAnthropological version of post processualism

    Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly

    Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation

    Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer

          

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