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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. C.J. Thomsen
  2. Postmodernism
  3. Three Age System
  4. Types of absolute dating methods
  5. Archaeology
  1. a "Guide to Northern Antiquity"

    Started organizing things in terms of material (stone, bronze, iron)
  2. b Anthropological version of post processualism

    Early 1980s: Ian Hodder, Michael Shanks, Christopher Tilly

    Emphasizes detailed description of specific sites and intuitive interpretation

    Objective interpretation not possible due to biases of the observer
  3. c The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
  4. d the periodization of human prehistory into three consecutive time periods, named for their respective tool-making technologies:
    -Stone Age
    -Bronze Age
    -Iron Age
  5. e -Radiocarbon dating: Willard Libby (1949); requires organic materials (charcoal, bones, wood, shells, plants)
    -Other radiometric methods (that don't require organic materials): K-Ar, Uranium, fission track, archaeomagnetism, obsidian hydration

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. -Belief
    -Explanation (based on theory, methodology, and testing)
  2. Evolution was not new

    Natural selection
  3. Father of American archaeology; studied burial mounds in VA
  4. Worked at Choukoutien
  5. "Ancient Societies"

    Unilineal evolutionism:
    -Savagery (fire; use of bow)
    -Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
    -Civilization (alphabet; read/write)

5 True/False questions

  1. Relative dating"Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system


  2. DendrochronologyThe study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence


  3. ParadigmA distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity


  4. Terminus ante quemYoungest possible date before which an event happened


  5. Material culture-Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)


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