5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Excavation techniques
- Cultural relativism
- Boucher de Perthes
- Lewis Binford
- Postprocessual archaeology
- a "Interpretive archaeology"
- b Evaluation of cultures in their own terms
- c Humans bones coexisted with extinct animal species
Extinction was not a part of God's plan
- d Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
- e -Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Only applied under normal conditions-flat layers; the deeper, the older
- "Principles of Geology"
Laws of stratigraphic succession:
- Two ways:
-Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
-Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
- The buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past
- How? What was it like?
5 True/False Questions
Context → A distinct spatial clustering of artifacts, features, structures, and organic and environmental remains - the residue of human activity
19th century themes → "Ancient Societies"
-Savagery (fire; use of bow)
-Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
-Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
Archaeology → The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
C.J. Thomsen → "Guide to Northern Antiquity"
Started organizing things in terms of material (stone, bronze, iron)
Terminus post quem → Oldest certain date after which an event happened