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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Relative dating
  2. Louis and Mary Leakey
  3. Lewis Henry Morgan
  4. Karl Marx
  5. Archaeology
  1. a Tells us ORDER, not when an event occurred

    Oldest technique for establishing the actual ages of deposits is to use artifacts of a known age

  2. b The study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence
  3. c "Ancient Societies"

    Unilineal evolutionism:
    -Savagery (fire; use of bow)
    -Barbarism (domestication; metallurgy)
    -Civilization (alphabet; read/write)
  4. d First to create system that seemed to work

    Stages of history:
    -Primitive communism
    -Slave society

    ^Did not apply to Asian societies
  5. e Worked at Olduvai Gorge

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Evolution was not new

    Natural selection
  2. Gathering data on living cultures
  3. Pioneer of postprocessual archaeology
  4. -Survey
  5. Father of American archaeology; studied burial mounds in VA

5 True/False questions

  1. Neo-DarwinismTerm used to describe the 'modern synthesis' of Darwinian evolution through natural selection with Mendelian genetics

    As part of the disagreement about whether natural selection alone was sufficient to explain speciation, George Romanes coined the term neo-Darwinism to refer to the version of evolution advocated by Alfred Russel Wallace and August Weismann with its heavy dependence on natural selection


  2. Culture historyAmong the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.


  3. Types of knowledgeThe buildings/tools and other artifacts left behind from past cultures; physical evidence/examples from the past


  4. DendrochronologyDating based on the analysis of patterns of tree-rings; can date the time at which tree rings were formed, in many types of wood, to the exact calendar year


  5. Cultural relativismDescribes; empirical

    What? When? Where?


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