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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Absolute dating
  2. Dendrochronology
  3. Lewis Binford
  4. Excavation techniques
  5. Willard Libby
  1. a Among the most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century; is credited with fundamentally changing the field with the introduction of processual archaeology (or the "New Archaeology") in the 1960s.
  2. b Dating based on the analysis of patterns of tree-rings; can date the time at which tree rings were formed, in many types of wood, to the exact calendar year
  3. c "Chronometric dating"-reference to a specific time scale, typically a fixed calendar system
  4. d -Automated (backhoe, bulldozer, drilling devices)
  5. e American chemist, who, in 1949, announced his invention of radiocarbon (C14) dating; won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Evolution was not new

    Natural selection
  2. "Principles of Geology"

    Laws of stratigraphic succession:
  3. -Artifacts (tools, spearheads)
    -Ecofacts (bones, seeds)
    -Features (post holes)
    -Gray areas (architecture, human areas, soil)
    -Other (art, text)
  4. Two ways:
    -Calendar years: BC/AD or BCE/CE
    -Radiometric time scale: Before present (BP)
  5. -Acquisition/harvest
    -Discard/digest and excrete

5 True/False questions

  1. ArchaeologyThe study of past cultures (primarily through material remains) and their influence


  2. ContextWhere material culture is found

    Matrix: material around object
    Provenience: object's horizontal and vertical position in the matrix (and also time period)
    Association: object's relationship with other archaeological remains


  3. Social actionActions meant to have meaning to us; meaning and action are connected


  4. StratigraphyA theoretical framework; a way to think theoretically


  5. Other stratigraphic principles-Cross-cutting relations
    -Common sense


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