1st Quarter Midterm

80 terms by scheherazade 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

In the Massachusetts "Bible commonwealth," clergymen

were barred from holding political office

In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as

"Visible Saints"

Henry VIII aided the entrance of Protestant beliefs into England when he

broke England's ties with the Catholic church.

Pennsylvania was

the best advertised colony.

New York was

originally founded by the dutch

Unlike separatists, the Puritans

remained members of the Church of England

After the Pequot War, Puritan efforts to convert Indians to Christianity can best be described as

feeble, not equaling that of the Spanish or the French

One cultural contribution the Dutch made to America:

Soccer

King Philip's War resulted in

the lasting defeat of New England's Indians.

According to Anne Hutchinson, a dissenter in Massachusetts Bay,

the truly saved need not bother to obey the laws of God or man

As a colony, Rhode Island became known for

individualist and independent attitudes.

People who flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy in Massachusetts Bay were subject to what punishment(s)?

fines, floggings, banishment, or death.

Colonists in both the North and the South established differences in all of the following areas except

values.

Indian policy in early Pennsylvania can be best described as

benevolent.

all the middle colonies were

notable for their fertile soil.

As the founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams

established complete religious freedom for all.

The Dominion of New England

Included all the New England colonies, was created by the English government to streamline the administration of its colonies, was designed to bolster colonial defense, and eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.

The middle colonies were notable for their

unusual degree of democratic control.

As a result of Sir Edmund Andros's rule,

the power of town meetings was curbed, officials tried to enforce the Navigation Laws, taxes were levied without the consent of elected representatives, and smuggling was supressed.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.

Arrange the following in chronological order: the founding of New York, Massachusetts Bay, Pennsylvania, Plymouth.

Plymouth Makes Nice People.

Puritan religious beliefs allowed all of the following except

challenging religious authority.

The Separatists migrated from Holland to the New World in order to

avoid the Dutchification of their children.

King James I opposed the Separatists who wanted to break away entirely from the Church of England because he

realized that if his subjects could defy him as their spiritual leader, they could defy him as their political leader.

the Dutch colony of New Netherland (later New York)

was established for its quick profit of fur trading.

One of the traits that made Quakers unpopular in England was

their refusal to do military service.

The inhabitants of North Carolina were regarded by their neighbors as

outcasts and irreligious.

North Carolina and Rhode Island were similar in that they

were the two most democratic colonies.

Arrange the following events in chronological order: the founding of Georgia, the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland.

Virgin Mary Caught Gonorrhea.

The statutes governing slavery in the North American colonies originated in

Barbados.

When Lord De La Warr took control of Jamestown in 1610, he

imposed a harsh military regime on the colony.

Under the Barbados slave code of 1661, slaves were

denied the most fundamental rights.

A major reason for the founding of the Maryland colony in 1634 was to

create a refuge for the Catholics.

Spain's dreams of empire began to fade with the

defeat of the Spanish Armada.

After the purchases of slaves in 1619 by Jamestown settlers, additional purchases of Africans were few because

they were too costly.

Sugar was called a rich man's crop for all of the following reasons except that it

could be purchased only by the wealthy.

The native people of Virginia (Powhatans) succumbed to the Europeans because they

died in large numbers from European diseases, lacked the unity necessary to resist the well-organized whites, could not be disposed of by Europeans with no harm to the colonial economy, and were not a reliable labor source.
ALL OF THE ABOVE.

All of the following provided motives for English colonization except

a need for a place to exploit slave labor.

The financial means for England's first permanent colonization in America were provided by

a joint-stock company.

In 1649, Maryland's Act of Toleration

guaranteed toleration to all Christians.

The English treatment of the Irish, under the reign of Elizabeth I, can be best described as

violent and unjust.

Chief Powhatan had Captain John Smith kidnapped in order to

impress Smith with his power and show the Indian's desire for peace.

The early years at James town were mainly characterized by

starvation, disease, and frequent Indian raids.

The colony of South Carolina prospered

by developing close economic ties with the British West Indies.

England's defeat of the Spanish Armada

helped to ensure England's naval dominance in the North Atlantic.

Despite an abundance of fish and game, early Jamestown settlers continued to starve because

they were unaccustomed to fend for themselves and wasted time looking for gold.

Captain John smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as

saving the colony from collapse.

The colony of Georgia was founded

as a defensive buffer for the valuable Carolinas.

the settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most important for the future United States was

Jamestown

Some Africans became especially valuable as slaves in the Carolinas because they

were experienced in rice cultivation.

The attitude of Carolinians toward Indians can best be described as

hostile.

The treatment of the Native Americans by the spanish conquistadors can be described as

at times brutal and exploitative

In 1492, when Europeans arrived in the Americas, the total of the two continents' populations was perhaps

54 million.

the size and sophistication of Native American civilizations in Mexico and South America can be attributed to

the developement of agriculture.

In order to be considered civilized, a group of people needs to discover

agriculture.

Columbus called the native people in the New World Indians because

he believed that he had skirted the rim of the Indies.

European contact with Native Americans led to

the deaths of millions of Native Americans, who had little resistance to European diseases.

European explorers introduced what disease to natives?

Smallpox.

The Great Ice Age accounted for the origins of North America's human history because

it exposed a land bridge connecting Eurasia with North America.

The crop that became the staple of life in Mexico and South America was

corn.

Most likely the first Americans were

people who crossed the land bridge from Eurasia to North America.

Many of the slaves who reached North America

were originally captured by African coastal tribes.

American colonists sought trade with countries other than Great Britain

to make money to buy what they wanted in Britain.

One feature of the American economy that strained the relationship between the colonies and Britain was the

growing desire of Americans to trade with other nations in addition to Britain.

One feature common to all of the eventually rebellious colonies was their

rapidly growing populations.

Puritans refused to recognize a woman's separate property rights because

they worried that such rights would undercut the unity of married persons.

as a result of Bacon's Rebellion

planters began to look for less troublesome laborers.

The special characteristics of new England's population led to the observation that these colonists "invented"

grandparents.

Southern colonies generally allowed married woment to retain separate title to their property because

southern men frequently died young.

by the end of the seventeenth century, indentured servants who gained their freedom

had little choice but to hire themselves out for low wages to their former masters.

By the end of the 1700's, what was the percentage of people living in rural areas of colonial America?

90%

The time-honored English ideal, which Americans accepted for some time, regarded education as

reserved for the aristocratic few.

Bacon's Rebellion was supported mainly by

young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land.

African American contributions to American culture does NOT include

the guitar.

The population of thirteen American colonies was

perhaps the most diverse in the world, although it remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon.

When the British Parliament passed the Molasses Act in 1733, it intended the act to

inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies.

What was a secondary economic activity of colonial America?

Manufacturing.

For those Africans who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" can be best described as

the gruesome ocean voyage to America.

By 1775, most governors of American colonies were

appointed by the king.

While slavery might have begun in america for economic reasons,

racial discrimination also powerfully molded the American slave system.

Colonial schools and colleges placed their main emphasis on

religion

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set