Tigris and Euphrates River
Rivers that flow southeastward to Persian Gulf.
Plain between Tigris and Euphrates.
Wheat and barley
Two major staple crops of Mesopotamia.
North of Mesopotamia whose ice and snow melted and cause the flooding of Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Region in Mesopotamia; size of Massachusettes that held most of the city-states.
The earliest rulers of the city-states because they could talk to the gods.
Sargon of Akkad
Defeated city-states of Sumer with his army - created world's first empire.
Assyria's Military Machine
Had strong and well-disciplined army they used to conquer empires.
Assyrian tactics in taking city-states
Pantoon bridges, tunnels under walls, archers, ladders.
Iron tipped ram used to break down city gates.
Person forced to leave homeland.
Library at Nineveh
One of the oldest and largest ancient libraries in Assyrian captail cities.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Built by King Nebuchadnezzar for his wife who was homesick. One of the seven Ancient Wonders of the World.
Empire that was ruled by diplomacy and tolerance whose capital city was Babylon.
Babylon's chief god.
King's Eyes and Ears
Darius' secret group of inspectors whose job was to monitor the satraps and the people to make sure they were doing their jobs.
Elite group of Persian soldiers who helped Darius seize Persia's throne in 522-521 BC. Could never go under 10,000.
Group of people in Asia who invented metal coins and the Persians adopted this.
List of 282 specific laws that was based on "an eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth". First ever set of laws.
Five characteristics of civilization are...
Advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology.
More than a large group of people living together.
Artisans - skilled workers who make goods by hands.
Long-lasting patterns of organization in a community.
Arc of rich farmland in Southwest Asia, between the Persian Gulf and Miediterranean Sea.
Thick bed of mud.
Ditches that carried river water to their fields and allowed them to produce a surplus of crops.
A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independant political unit.
Series of rulers from a single family.
Process of a new idea or a product spreading from one culture to another.
Belief in many gods.
Political unit in which a number of people or countries are controlled by a single ruler.
Babylonian king that created Mesopotamia's 282 laws.
Southwest Asian kingdom that controlled a large empire from about 85 to 612 B.C.
One of the Assyrian kings.
One of the Assyrian kings who was able to read several languages.
Southwest Asian people who helped destroy Assyrian Empire.
Chaldean king who restored Babylon.
Persia's king in 550 B.C.
Cyrus' son, who extended the Persian Empire by conquering Egypt (named after Cyrus' father).
Cambyses' successor, noble of dynasty. Seized throne in 522-521 B.C.
Governor that ruled a province.
Road system of Persian Empire which ran from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia, a distance of 1,677 miles.
Persian prophet and religious who lived around 600 B.C.