the study of the evolution of cognition and behavior using principles of natural selection.
perspective that stresses the value of behavior in helping us to survive; examines the adaptive nature of thoughts and behaviors-emphasizes human kinship
emphasizing human diversity, , The psychological perspective that focuses on cross-cultural differences in the causes and consequences of behavior.
evolutionary process by which inheritble traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in particular environments are passed to ensuing generations.
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
the acronym for the "big five" which include: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism
influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality
influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
3 forms of conformity
compliance, obedience, acceptance
involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure.
publicly actin in accord with an implied or explicit request while privately disagreeing.
chaning ones behavior or belief as a result of group pressure.
apparent movement of a stationary point of light in the dark.(Sherif)
what predicts conformity?
Group size, unanimity, cohesion, status, public response, prior commitment.
A desire to be liked and a desire to be right.
a motive to protect or restore one's sense of freedom.