415 Exam 2 - Chapter 5 (Structuralism/Titchener)

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stimulus error

Confusing the mental process under study with the stimulus or object being observed

Washburn

Who was Titchener's first female doctoral student?

apperception

Which part of Wundt's introspection did Titchener disagree with?

Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice

One of Titchener's most profound influences on the development of experimentation in psychology was his publication

Ladd-Franklin

Who scolded Titchener for still practicing "a very old fashioned standpoint" in excluding women from psychology meetings?

existential

By the 1920s, the term used by Titchener for his system of psychology was

working vocabulary free of meaning

Ordinary words such as "table" were not to be used by Titchener's introspectionists. Therefore, it became a goal to develop a

long before

Substantial doubts about, and attacks on, introspection occurred (long before, during, after) Titchener's time

retrospection

Because some time elapsed between the experience and the reporting of it, critics charged that introspection was really a form of

his experimental method and a strong position to protest

The two most important contributions of Titchener's system to modern psychology are

mechanism

Titchener's system was marked by _____________

True

(T/F) Titchener could be regarded as somewhat open-minded in his attitudes toward the rights of women.

True

(T/F) The criticisms directed at the method of introspection were more relevant to Titchener's method of observation than they were to Wundt's method

little money

Titchener's family had a good family name, but

scholarships

How did Titchener go to school?

False

(T/F) Titchener was not one of Wundt's favorite students?

music

What common interest did Wundt and Titchener share?

England

Where did Titchener try to set up a psychological laboratory after he graduated?

Cornell

Where did Titchener end up in America after he left England?

56

How many individuals did Titchener see receive doctoral degrees?

1/3

What fraction of Titchener's graduates were females

Principals of Physioloical Psychology

Which book by Wundt did Titchener translate multiple times?

The periodic table of the mind

What was one topic Titchener found extremely intresting in Wundt's book that he translated a lot?

conscious experience

Titchener felt like psychology should be studying what?

mind

(def.) this contains all experiences that start from birth until the present

conscious

(def.) this consists of what is in the mind at any given time

introspection

(def.) analyzing basic sensations; breaking down an experience to its most basic elements

false

T/F - Introspection is easy to learn how to do

stimulus error

What was one of the most grievous errors you could make while introspecting

put away preconceived ideas, focus, fresh body, good attitude

What are the rules for introspection?

affective state

What is the basis of emotions?

images

What is the basis of ideas?

39,000

How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the eye?

11,500

How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the ear?

4

How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the mouth?

3

How many sensations did Titchener come up with for the skin?

3

How many sensations did Titchener come up with for intestinal sensations

Oxford in philosophy

What school did Titchener graduate from and with what degree?

Outline and Primer

What to introductory psychology textbooks did Titchener write? _____ of Psychology and ____ of Psychology

German

What country was Titchener like in how he taught students?

formal; popular

Titchener's lectures were ______, but ______

Titchener's Experimentalists

What was the name of the "men's group" of psychologists that met weekly at Titchener's house?

coin collecting, foreign languages, and music

What hobbies did Titchener take up in his later years

functionalism

What did Titchener name his new enemy school of psychology

sensations

What are the basic elements of perceptions?

quality, intensity, duration, clearness

What four characteristics did Titchener say could help categorize each element of specific sensations?

quality and intensity

Which two characteristics to categorize elements did Titchener take from Wundt?

quality

the characteristics the describes an attribute differentiating each element from the other "cold" "red"

intensity

the characteristic that describes strength, weakness, loudness, or brightness of sensations

duration

the characteristic that describes a sensation's path over time

clearness

the characteristic that describes the role of attention in conscious processing

tridimensional theory

Other than issues with introspection, what else did Titchener reject of Wundts?

pleasure and displeasure

What were the only two things that Titchener proposed from Wundt's tridimensional theory?

meaning words

(def.) Titchener asked students to avoid this during analysis (preconceived ideas like apple, book or house)

naive or involuntary

(def.) - type of attention that is an unexpected, intense stimuli that will generally catch our attention fairly quickly or easily

police man turns on sirens

What is an example of naive or involuntary attention

voluntary or secondary

(def.) - type of attention that you use in introspection -- also what you use when you study (purposefully focus your attention, sit down, and make yourself concentrate on the task at hand)

paying attention

What is voluntary or secondary attention usually called?

derived or habitual attention

(def.) - type of attention that is a lightly focused attention, usually when you are doing some other task. (when driving: voluntary is on the road, but derived is to the sound of your engine. if you start to hear weird sounds with that, you pay more attention to it -- then, it is NOT derived)

When Titchener dies

When does structuralism die?

go to conventions

What is one thing Titchener would not ever do?

resigned

What did Titchener do with his acceptance to APA?

authoritarian

What word could be used to describe titchener's teaching style?

it became less and less

As Titchener got older, what became to his research productivity?

professor of music

What other type of professor was Titchener at Cornell?

False

(T/F) - Titchener was a huge proponent in application of his findings?

greek times

Since when was introspection questioned?

limited

Titchener's psychology had a (limited/vast) area of study

animals, children, abnormals

What are three examples of topics that titchener never even looked at because they were more applied

2 decades

how long did structuralism last?

60

over how many articles did Titchener publish?

quantitative and objective

Titchener avoided Wundt's ideas into introspection (aside from apperception) that were (2 things):

Kulpe

Titchener adopted whose label to describe his "systematic experimental introspection"

James Mill

What other psychologist (other than Kulpe and Wundt) was Titchener influenced by?

reagents

What were subjects called in Titchener's lab?

all four

how many mental element characteristics do sensations and images possess?

three; clearness

how many mental element characteristics do affective states have? Which does it not have?

extensity

(def.) - take up of space (applies to vision and touch attributes)

Kant

Who said that introspection alters counscious experience

compte

who said that the brain needed to divide itself into two parts in order to observe and observe the observing

false

(T/F) - Introspectionists usually agreed on their findings

retrospection

People liked to argue that introspection was actually a type of _____

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