Excess body weight when compared to a given standard such as height or body fat
A chronic disease characterized by an excessively high amount of body fat (about 20% above recommended weight or BMI at or above 30)
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Lowest level of caloric intake necessary to sustain life
During low intensity greater proportion of calories burned come from fat
Triggers greater fat loss than low intensity exercise. (you can burn twice as many calories and more fat as well)
Daily food log
Based on MyPyramid, Dietary Guidelines for Americans to meet recommended dietary allowances
Adherence to a Lifetime Weight Management Program tips:
Make a commitment to change
Set realistic goals
Incorporate exercise into the program
Differentiate hunger from appetite
Eat less fat
Pay attention to calories
Cut unnecessary items form your diet
Add foods that reduce cravings
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
anything that causes stress
Fight or Flight
A series of physical responses activated automatically in response to stressors.
a positive stress that energizes a person and helps a person reach a goal
A negative or harmful stress. Health and performance begin to deteriorate.
State of physiological balance, body strives to maintain a constant internal environment
General Adaptation Syndrome
The reaction to stressors when homeostasis is disrupted
Immediate reaction of the body to stress, which alerts the body's defenses
If the stressor persists the body calls upon its limited reserves to maintain homeostasis
body functions at a diminished capacity until it fully recovers
Behavior Patterns; Type A
Characteristics of hard-driving, over ambitious, aggressive, competitive, and at hostile.
*Many are learned behaviors
*Significantly Higher incidence for disease.
Behavior Patterns; Type B
Characteristics of calm, casual, relaxed, and easy going.
Sources of Stress
*Child Care issues
*Progressive Muscle Relaxation
The constant and deliberate effort to stay healthy and achieve the highest potential well-being.
A sense of meaning and direction in life, a relationship to a higher being; encompasses freedom, prayer, faith, love closeness to others, peace, joy, fulfillment, and altruism.
True concern for and action on behalf of others; a certain desire to serve others above one's personal needs
The array of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels.
A measure of the force exerted against the walls of the vessels by the blood flowing through them.
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
Cholesterol-transporting molecules in the blood (good cholesterol).
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
Cholesterol-transporting molecules in the blood (bad cholesterol)
Fats formed by glycerol and three fatty acids
Recording of the electrical activity of the heart.
Group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells into malignant tumors.
Three types of skin cancer
*Basal cell carcinoma
*Squamous cell carcinoma
*Malignant melanoma (most deadly form)
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Communicable infections spread through sexual contact.
Most serious and fatal are HIV and AIDS.
HIV is the virus that will eventually lead to. . .
Diseases that arise in the absence of a healthy immune system.These occur when the immune system is broken down with HIV and AIDS.