Chapter 7

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Classical Persia

The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian empire

victory of Cyrus over Lydia

The leader of the Lydians who fell to Cyrus

croesus

In organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the

Mesopotamians

What is the chronological order of the Persian empires

Achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthians, Sasanids

The Medes and the Persians were originally

Indo-European tribes

The founder of the Achaemenid empire was

Cyrus

In 525 B.C.E. the Persian emperor Cambyses captured

Egypt

The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors

Darius

Pasargadae was

the capital of the persian empire before persepolis

the population of the achaemenid empire under darius was

35 million

The magnificent capital of the persian empire constructed by darius was

persepolis

Satrapies were

persian administrative units

the persian eyes and ears of the king

were spies

darius picked up the idea of a standardized government-issued coinage from the

lydians

which empire normally displayed the greatest degree of toleration toward its subject peoples

achaemenid

the persian king who regularized tax levies and standardized law was

darius

the persian legal code was designed to

codifly the laws of the subject peoples

the center of the persian communications network

royal road

neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom..

herodotus on persian courier service

the qanat

persian underground canals

darius received high praise from these people for his decision to allow them to return to their capital city and rebuild their temple.

jews

the king who failed to follow the normal persian governing polisy of toleration was

xerxes

the battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.E. proved to be

a Persian loss

The decisivce victory of Alexander of Macedon over the Persians was called the battle of

Guagamela

The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanid empires employed a form of

imperial admin copied from the Achmens

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