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Classical India

Although only fragments remain, some of our best information about early Indian history come from the Indika, written by

Megasthenes

Megasthenes

wrote the Indika

During the time of the Aryans, the Indian political landscape was characterized by

a series of small kingdoms

the indian political scene changed dramatically in 520 B.C.E. when new administrative techniques were introduced after the invasion of the

Persians

In 327 B.C.E., India was thrown into political chaos by the invasion of

Alexander of Macedon

Alexander of Macedon's invasion of which country in 327 B.C.E. caused political chaos that eventually led to the country's unification

India

The kingdom that played a leading role in Indian unification, after the withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon, was

Magadha

The first ruler to unify India was

Chandragupta Maurya

Kautalya was

the main adviser to Chandagupta Maurya

The harsh political philosophy of Chandragupta Maurya and Kautalya is recorded in the

Arthashastra

The Arthashastra reflected the political philosophy of

Chandragupta Mauray an Kautilla

The Mauryan emperor Ashoka fought his bloodiest battle against

Kalinga

the capital of Ashoka's empire was

pataliputra

The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of POOP!

Ashoka

The rock and pillar edicts were issued by

Ashoka

One of the biggest financial problems of the later Mauryan period was the ruler's decision to

debase the currency

After the collapse of the Mauryan empire, India returned

to a series of regional kingdoms

After the collapse of the Mauryan dynasty, NW India was controlled by the Bactrians, who spoke

Greek

The Kushans in India reached their peak under

Kanishka

The year 320 C.E. saw the creation of the Gupta dynasty by

Chandra Gupta

Politically, the Guptas were able to ____ by spreading a ____ .

bring unification to India; state-supported religion

The eventual collapse of the Gupta state was partially caused by an invasion by the

White Huns

The success and timing of trade, through the Indian Ocean basin, largely depended on

understanding the rhythms of the monsoon winds.

The two great indan epics

the mabahrata and the ramayana

the mabarhata and the ramayana

commonly portrayed women as weak-willed and emotional creatures

Essentially, much of the responsibility for maintaining social order in India during these years fell to

the jati

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