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FALSE

When the abdomen is divided into nine regions, the superior horizontal line is called the midclavicular line

TRUE

The most lateral and superior region of the abdomen is called the hypochondriac region

TRUE

In anatomical position, the forearms are supinated

TRUE

The heart occupies a space called the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral pericardium

TRUE

The cranial cavity contains the brain

PALMS FACING POSTERIORLY

This is NOT correct in the anatomical position

FRONTAL PLANE

The plane that passes vertically through the body or an organ divides it into anterior and posterior portions

POSTERIOR

The interscapular region is

ANTERIOR

The breastbone is ________to the vertebral column

PROXIMAL

The _______ part of the small intestine is the part closest to the stomach

MENINGES

The brain and spinal cord are protected by

SEROUS MEMBRANES

The thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity are lined by the

MEDIASTINUM

The thoracic cavity is divided into right, left and medial peritoneum by

THORACIC; PLEURAE

The _______ cavity contains the lungs, which are enfolded in the _________

PARIETAL PLEURA; VISCERAL PLEURA

The most superficial wall of the pleural cavity is lined by the __________whereas the outer surface of the lungs is covered by the

THORACIC

The heart is in the _____cavity and is covered by the pericardium

VISCERAL PERICARDIUM

The surface of the heart is formed by a membrane called the

PERITONEUM

The abdominopelvic cavity contains a moist membrane called the

REROPERITONEALLY

The kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, aorta, and inferior vena cava are all located

MESENTERY

A continuation of the peritoneum that binds the small intestine and suspends it from the abdominal wall is the

TRUE

Both the nucleus and the mitochondrion are surrounded by two layers

TRUE

The nucleus is the largest organelle in most cells

TRUE

Ribosomes are made of proteins and RNA.

FALSE

The golgi complex makes peroxisomes but not lysosomes

TRUE

A crystal of calcium phosphate in the cytoplasm of a cell should be classified as an inclusion

HYDROPHOBIC; HYDROPHILIC

Transmembrane proteins that make up enzymes in the plasma membrane made are of hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions. Most amino acids embedded In the membrane are _________while most amino acids facing the extracellular fluid are _______

LIGANDS

Gates respond to all these stimuli except

GLYCOPROTEINS

Act like identification tags in the glycocalyx that enable the body to distinguish its own cells from foreign and diseased cells.

FLAGELLA

provide motility to a cell

CILIA

acts as sensory "antenna" in many cells

MICROVILLI

increase a cell's surface area

MICROVILLI

Cells lining the small intestine are specialized for absorption of nutrients. Their plasma membrane has

PUMPS

consume ATP when transferring solutes from one side to the other side of the plasma membrane

WATER WILL PASS DOWN ITS CONCENTRATION GRADIENT FROM SOLUTION B TO A

35. Two solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane. If solution A has a higher concentration of a nonpermeating solute than solution B, then

OSMOSIS; HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE

______ is the process in which _______forces water and small solutes such as salts through a narrow clefts between capillary cells

OSMOSIS; AQUAPORINS

Water flows through a selectively permeable membrane in a process called ____, but water molecules cross the membrane more easily through channels of transmembrane proteins called ________

TRANSCYTOSIS

Insulin is taken up by endocytosis by endothelial cells lining capillaries, and then transported across the cell to the other side, where it is released. This transport is called

SYMPORT; COTRANSPORT

Sodium and glucose are transported together from the intestinal lumen into an intestinal call. The carrier protein is a _____and the process is called ______

DOWN; ACTIVE TRANSPORT

The sodium potassium pump transports both sodium and potassium ___ their concentration gradient in a process called ______

FALSE

Dendrites in a neuron send outgoing signals to other cells

FALSE

Desmosomes are more effective than tight junctions in preventing substances from passing between cells

FALSE

The duct of an endocrine gland leads into the bloodstream rather than onto an epithelial surface.

TRUE

The secretory process of a gland is produced by parenchyma, not its stroma

TRUE

Scar tissue helps to hold an organ together but does not restore normal function of the damaged tissue.

STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED COLUMNAR

______ epithelium is the most widespread epithelium in the body, whereas ______ epithelium is rare.

GOBLET

______ cells in simple columnar and psuedostratified columnar epithelia produce protective mucous coatings over the mucous membranes.

SIMPLE COLUMNAR; SMALL INTESTINE.

A brush border of microvilli belongs to _____ epithelium found in the ________

PSEUDOSTRATIFIED COLUMNAR

All cells in this tissue reach the basement membrane and only cells that reach the free surface have cilia.

TRANSITIONAL; TRATIFIED SQUAMOUS

_____ epithelium found in the bladder resembles _____ epithelium, but the apical cells are rounded, not flattened

NONKERATINIZED; VAGINA

_______ epithelium provides a moist slippery surface and is well suited to resist stress as in the _____

SIMPLE SQUAMOUS; STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS

_______epithelium is associated with rapid transport of substances though a membrane, whereas ______ epithelium associated with resistance to abrasion.

INTERSTITIAL FLUID IS SO SCARCE THAT IT IS NOT VISIBLE WITH A LIGHT MICROSCOPE

These features are common to all connective tissue except

AREOLAR; CARTILAGE

______ tissue is highly vascular, whereas ______ is not.

VERY CONSPICUOUS FIBERS

These are features that fibrous connective tissues have in common except

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