SPANISH EXPLORERS IN TEXAS

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1492

Columbus

1519 (not Cortes)

Pineda

learned healing from Natives

Cabeza de Vaca

1st interior North America

De Soto

Tampico

Pineda

East Texas

Moscoso

Vera Cruz

Cortes

met El Turco and searched for "Quivera" based on his story

Coronado

established Mexico City which became "home away from home" for the explorers; also will become capital of New Spain

Cortes

thought he landed in Indies but really Bahamas

Columbus

retold Native lengends about "golden cities" to Spanish officials

Cabeza de Vaca

died at the Mississippi, Moscoso took over

De Soto

mapped Gulf coast

Pineda

Grand Canyon

Coronado

1st in the interior of Texas

Cabeza de Vaca

drowned

Narvaez

searched for Cibola based on Cabeza de Vaca report

Friar Marcos then Coronado

easier route to Asia

Columbus

"saw" the golden cities

Friar Marcos

conquered Aztec

Cortes

explored area mapped by Pineda

Narvaez

got Spain interested in exploring "new world"

Columbus

slave with Cabeza de Vaca & Friar Marcos; killed by Zuni

Estivanico

East Texas

Moscoso

first ever with Texas

Pineda (only mapped)

wrote book about experiences

Cabeza de Vaca

Mississippi first time

De Soto

panhandle of Texas

Coronado

took over for de Soto

Moscoso

survived hurricane and washed up on Galveston Island

Cabeza de Vaca

French explorer

La Salle

River La Salle came down and claimed for France

Mississippi

what La Salle named the land he claimed

Louisiana

name of La Salle's colony

Fort St. Louis

result of France in Texas

Spain returns and establishes missions in East Texas

person from Spain who was sent to DEdestroy Fort St. "L"ouis

de Leon

priest with de Leon who MESSed up and MISinterpreted the Caddos friendliness and established first EAST Texas mission

Father Massenat

reasons why France explored

fur trade, God (fur trade was most important to them)

name of first mission in East Texas

San Fransico de la Tejos

name of first mission and settlement ever in Texas

Corpus Christie de la Yselta

mission established as a halfway point between Mexico and East Texas missions used for movement of supplies

San Antonio de Velaro

year San Antonio de Valero was established

1718

this is how Spain ALWAYS reacted to the French in Texas

Missions

"Apostle of Texas" because many missions in Mexico and Spanish Texas

Jesus

"Father of the Lower Rio Grande" (South Texas)and established Laredo

Escadon

Three "G"s - Why Spain explored

Gold, Glory, and God (Gold was most important to them)

Spanish term for "fort"

presideo

Ways Spain colonized Texas

Missions, presideos, ranchos, towns

Name of Christian religion at that time

Catholic

Name of the "Cities of Gold" Cabeza de Vaca told of

Cibola

Spain used to "claim" land and spread Christianity to Natives

missions

difficult to get supplies, disease, hostile natives, natives not willing to accept mission life, failed crops

reasons missions failed

wrote letter to France Louisiana asking for help with the closed down East Texas missions

Father "HI"dalgo

result of all Spanish exploration

No Gold

La Salle returns to set up his colony in Louisiana (Mississippi River) but ends up here

Texas

way France treated Natives

nice because they wanted to trade with them

way Spain treated Natives

like slaves; forced them to change their way of life with missions

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